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Substances

Substances Vocab

TermDefinition
Drug A substance other than food, that changes the structure or function of the body.
Depressants A drug that slows the brain and body reactions.
Zero-tolerance policy A law that doesn't allow anyone under the age of 21, to drink.
Medicine Legal drugs that help the body fight injury, illness, or disease.
over-the-counter drugs A medicine sold legally in pharmacies and other stores w/o a doctor's prescription.
Prescription Drug A drug that can only be used with a written order from a doctor & are only sold at pharmacies.
Drug misuse The improper use of medicines.
Drug abuse When a drug is intentionally used improperly or unsafely.
Psychological Dependence When you mentally think you need the drug.
Physical Dependence When your body can't function without it.
Addiction The person no longer has control over his or her habit.
Dependence The brain develops a chemical need for that substance and cannot function normally without it.
Withdrawl A group of symptoms that occur when a dependent person stops taking a drug.
tolerance The condition that results when repeated use of a drug causes it to have less of an effect on the brain.
Synergistic Occurs when drugs interact to produce effects greater than those that each drug would produce alone.
Antagonistic Occurs when each drug's effect is canceled out or reduced by another.
Drug use Using drugs correctly for medical purposes.
Stimulants A drug that speeds up activities of the central nervous system.
Hallucinogens A drug that distorts perception.
Club drugs Drugs that first gained popularity at dance clubs and raves.
Inhalants A breathable chemical vapor that produces mind-altering effects.
Anabolic Steroids Artificial forms of the male hormone testosterone.
Marijuana Leaves of a hemp plants that causes a change in the way information is sent and is act upon.
Gateway drug Leading to using "harder" drugs
analgestic a pain reliever
Reverse tolerance Where less and less of the substance/drug causes intoxication.
intoxication The state in which a person's mental and physical abilities are impaired by alcohol or another substance.
BAC/BAL Blood alcohol concentration, the amount of blood in a person's blood.
Fetal alcohol syndrome A group of birth defects caused by the effect of alcohol on the unborn child.
FDA stands for: Food and drug administration
FDA Inspects, tests, and assesses the safety of foods. drugs, and variety of consumer goods.
Tar The dark, sticky substance that forms when tobacco burns.
Nicotine A very addictive chemical in tobacco products.
Carbon Monoxide A odorless poisonous gas
Second hand smoke Inhaled by everyone near the smoker. Also the combo of mainstream and side stream.
Sidestream smoke Smoke that goes into the air directly from the cigarette
mainstream smoke Exhaled from a smoker'a lungs
Emphysema A disorder in which alveoli in the lungs can no longer function properly.
Bronchitis An infection that causes the mucous membranes lining the bronchi to become inflamed.
Created by: angbonilla