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Substances

Substances Vocab

TermDefinition
Drug a medicine or other substance which has a physiological effect when ingested or otherwise introduced into the body.
Medicine A substance, especially a drug, used to treat the signs and symptoms of a disease, condition, or injury.
addiction a strong and harmful need to regularly have something (such as a drug) or do something (such as gamble).
dependence the state of being psychologically or physiologically dependent on a drug after a prolonged period of use.
physical dependence drug that has produced tolerance and where negative physical symptoms of withdrawal result from abrupt discontinuation or dosage reduction.
psychological dependence adaptions in the central nervous system and the brain due to chronic exposure to a substance.
withdrawal Physical and mental symptoms that occur after stopping or reducing intake of a drug.
tolerance the ability or willingness to tolerate something, in particular the existence of opinions or behavior that one does not necessarily agree with.
synergistic often used to describe the effect of drugs working together
antagonistic showing or feeling active opposition or hostility toward someone or something.
drug use drugs with negative consequences.
drug misuse drug for purposes for which it was not intended or using a drug in excessive quantities.
drug abuse the habitual taking of addictive or illegal drugs.
prescription drugs pharmaceutical drug that legally requires a medical prescription to be dispensed.
OTC drugs sold directly to a consumer without a prescription.
stimulants affects the body, speeds up activity and brain and spinal cord
depressants actions and or effects on the body, slows body reaction
hallucinogens overload the brain sensory
club drugs drug that effects each person different
inhalants chemical vapors replace O2
steroids any of a large class of organic compounds with a characteristic molecular structure containing four rings of carbon atoms
marijuana the dried leaves and female flowers of the hemp plant, used in cigarette form as a narcotic or hallucinogen.
gateway drug a habit-forming drug that, while not itself addictive, may lead to the use of other addictive drugs.
analgesic a drug acting to relieve pain.
zero tolerance law A law, policy, or practice that provides for the imposition of severe penalties for a proscribed offense or behavior
reverse tolerance drug sensitization is the phenomenon of a reversal of the side-effects from a drug.
intoxication the state of being intoxicated, especially by alcohol.
bac/bal % in IL .08%
fetal alcohol syndrome Physical and mental damage in a child due to alcohol exposure while in the womb.
FDA A government agency established in 1906 with the passage of the Federal Food and Drugs Act.
tar a dark, thick, flammable liquid distilled from wood or coal, consisting of a mixture of hydrocarbons, resins, alcohols, and other compounds.
nicotine toxic colorless or yellowish oily liquid that is the chief active constituent of tobacco
carbon monoxide a colorless, odorless toxic flammable gas formed by incomplete combustion of carbon.
second hand smoke smoke inhaled involuntarily from tobacco being smoked by others.
sidestream smoke different from those of directly inhaled
mainstream smoke main component (around 85%) of Second-hand smoke.
emphysena lung diseases that block airflow and make it difficult to breathe.
bronchitis inflammation of the mucous membrane in the bronchial tubes
cirrhosis disease of the liver marked by degeneration of cells, inflammation, and fibrous thickening of tissue. It is typically a result of alcoholism or hepatitis.
Created by: erwdiaz