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Substances Vocab

Drug any substance other than food , that changes the structure or function of the body.
Medicine legal drugs that can help the body fight injury, illness, or diease
Addiction/Dependence the brain develops a chemical need for a drug and cannot function normally without it
Physical Dependence the body requires a drug to function
Psychological Dependence addicts consider taking drugs a regular, essential part of coping with daily life
Withdrawl a group of symptoms that occur when a dependent person stops taking a drug
Tolerance causes the addict's body to need increasingly larger amounts of drugs to achieve the original effect
Drug use to use a drug in a lawfully way and the right amounts suggested
Drug Misuse the improper use of medicines
Drug Abuse when a drug is intentionally used improperly or unsafely
Synergistic occurs when each drugs interact to produce effects greater than those that each drug would produce alone
Antagonistic occurs when each drug's effect is canceled out or reduced by other
Prescription Drug a drug that can be obtained only with a written order from a doctor and can be purchased only at a pharmacy
Over-the-Counter Drug a medicine that is sold legally in pharmacies and other stores without a doctor's prescription
Stimulants drugs that increase the activity of the nervous system
Depressants a drug that slows brain and body reactions
Hallucinogens a drug that distorts perception, thought, and mood
Inhalants a breathable chemical vapor that produces mind altering effects
Steroids artificial forms of the male hormones testosterone
Marijuana the leaves, stems, and flowering tops of the hemp plant
Gateway Drug a drug that opens a gateway to "harder" drugs
Analgesic Pain reliever
Zero Tolerance Law The consequences of under age drinking alcohol
Reverse Tolerance a condition in which less and less alcohol causes intoxication
Intoxication the state in which a person's mental and physical abilities are impaired by alcohol or another substances
BAC/BAL the amount of alcohol in a person's blood, expressed as a percentage
Fetal Alcohol Syndrome a group of birth defects caused by the effects of alcohol of an unborn child
FDA inspects, tests, and assesses the safety of food, drugs, and a variety of consumer goods
Tar the dark, sticky substance that forms when tobacco burns
Nicotine a very addictive chemical in tobacco products
Carbon Monoxide an odorless, poisonous gas
Second Hand Smoke the combination of mainstream and side-stream smoke
Sidestream the smoke that goes into the air directly from cigarettes
Mainstream exhaled from a smoker's lungs
Emphysema a disorder which alveoli in the lungs can no longer function properly
Bronchitis an infection that causes the mucous membranes lining the bronchi to be inflamed
Club Drug a drug that is more popular in dance clubs or raves
Cirrhosis may lead to liver failure
Created by: gdaddabbo