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substances

substances vocab

TermDefinition
drug a substance other than food that changes the structure or function of the body
medicine a legal drug that helps the body fight injury, illness, or disease
addiction the state of losing control over the use of a drug
dependence the condition that results when the brain develops a chemical need for a drug and cannot function normally without it
physical dependence physically needing a drug to function normally
psychological dependence mentally craving a drug;think that they need a drug to function normally
withdrawal a group of symptoms that occurs when a dependent person stops taking a drug
tolerance the condition that results when repeated use of drug causes it to have less of an affect on the brain
synergistic occurs when drugs interact to produce effects greater than those that each drug would produce alone
antagonistic occurs when each drug's effect is canceled out or reduced by the other.
drug use using drugs correctly for medical purpose
drug misuse the improper use of drugs
drug abuse when a drug is intentionally used improperly or unsafely
prescription drugs a drug that can e obtained only with a written order from a doctor
OTC drugs a medicine that is sold legally in pharmacies and other stores without a doctor's prescription
stimulants drugs that increase the activity of the nervous system
depressants a drug that slows brain and body reaction
hallucinogens a drug that distorts perception, thought, and mood.
club drugs drugs that first gained popularity at dance clubs and raves
inhalants a breathable chemical vapor that produces mind-alerting effects
steroids for increasing muscle size and strength
marijuana leaves, stem, and flowering tops of the hemp plant "cannabis sativa"
gateway drug a drug used as a gateway to using other "harder" drugs
analgesic pain-reliever
zero tolerance law a policy that enforces strict consequences for underage drinker
reverse tolerance a condition in which less and less alcohol causes intoxication
intoxication the state in which a person's mental and physical abilities are impaired by alcohol or another substance
BAC / BAL amount of alcohol in a person's blood, expressed as a percentage
% for BAC/BAL in illinois .08%
fetal alchohol syndrome a group of birth defects caused by the effects of alcohol on an unborn child
FDA inspects, tests, and assesses the safety of food, drugs, and a variety of consumer goods
tar dark, sticky substance that forms when a tobacco burns
nicotine a very addictive chemical in tobacco products
carbon monoxide an odorless, poisonous gas produced when substances are burned
second hand smoke a combination of mainstream smoke and sidestream smoke
sidestream smoke smoke that goes into the air directly from the cigarette
mainstream smoke exhaled from a smoker's lungs
emphysema a disorder in which alveoli in the lungs can no longer function properly
bronchitis an infection that causes the mucous membranes lining the bronchi to become inflamed
cirrhosis a disease in the liver in which it becomes filled with useless scar tissue and may lead to liver failure
Created by: givelizalde