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substances vocab

Drugs a substance, other than food, that changes the structure of function of the body
Medicine are legal drugs that help the body fight injuries, illnesses, or diseases
addiction having control over our thoughts by making us crave or have a strong emotional need towards something.
physical dependence physically needing a drug to function normally
psychological dependence mentally craving a drug
withdrawal a group of symptoms that occur when a dependent person stops taking a drug
tolerance causing the body to need increasingly larger amounts
drug interactions when a person takes more than one drug at a time, the drugs may interact
synergistic occurs when drugs interact to produce effects greater than those that each drug would produce alone
antagonistic occurs when each drug's effect is canceled out or reduced by the other
drug use using drugs that are prescribed to you, part of life
drug misuse the improper use of medicines
drug abuse when a drug is intentionally used improperly or unsafe
prescription drugs a drug only with a written order from a doctor and can be purchased only at a pharmacy
OTC drugs a medicine that is sold legally in pharmacies and other stores without a doctors note
stimulants drugs that increase the activity of the nervous system
depressants a drug that slows brain and body reactions
hallucinogens a drug that distorts perception, thought, and mood
club drugs a drug usually taken during a club scene, their effects are different from person to person and are very dangerous
inhalants a breathable chemical vapor that produces mind-altering effects
anabolic steroids artificial forms of the male hormone testosterone
marijuana the leaves, stems, and flowering tops of the hemp plant Cannabis sativa
gateway drug a gateway to using "harder" drugs
zero-tolerance law teens and others under the age of 21, using alcohol is illegal
reverse tolerance rapidly lose their mental, emotional, and physical health
intoxication is the state in which a person's mental and physical abilities are impaired by alcohol or another substance
BAC the amount of alcohol in a person's blood, expressed as a percentage
fetal alcohol syndrome a group of birth defects caused by the effects of alcohol on an unborn child
FDA inspects, tests, and assesses the safety of food, drugs, and a variety of consumer goods
tar is a mixture of hundreds of chemicals
nicotine a very addictive chemical in tobacco products
carbon monoxide when substances-including tobacco- are burned, an odorless, poisonous gas
second hand smoke a combination of mainstream and sidestream smoke
sidestream smoke is smoke that goes into the air directly from the cigarette
mainstream smoke is exhaled from a smoker's lungs
emphysema a disorder in which alveoli in the lungs can no longer functions
bronchitis is an infection that causes the mucous membranes lining the bronchi to become inflamed
cirrhosis is a disease that may lead to liver failure and death
Created by: kaylievarga