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health

substances vocab

TermDefinition
Drug a substance other than food, that changes the structure or function of the body
Medicine a legal drug that helps body fight injury, illness, or disease
Addiction/dependence the state of losing control over use of a drug; it is accompanied by a strong craving for the drug.
physical dependence your body thinks you need it.
psychological dependence you think you need it.
withdrawl a group of symptoms occur when a dependent person stops taking a drug.
tolerance the condition that results when repeated use of drug causes it to have less of an effect on the brain.
synergistic occurs when drugs interact to produce effects greater than those that each drug would produce alone.
Antagonistic occurs when each drug´s effect is canceled out or reduced by the other.
drug use using the medicine the way it is supposed to be used.
drug misuse the improper use of medicines either prescription or over-the- counter drugs.
drug abuse the intentional improper or unsafe use of a drug.
prescription drugs a drug that can obtained only with a written order from a doctor and can be purchased only at a pharmacy.
over-the counter(OTC) drugs a medicine that is sold legally in pharmacies and other stores without a doctor´s prescription.
stimulants a type of drug that increases the activity of the nervous system.
depressants a drug that slows brain and body reactions.
hallucinogens a drug that distorts perception, thought, and mood.
club drugs drugs that first gained popularity at dance clubs and raves.
inhalents a breathable chemical vapor that produces mind- altering effects.
steroids increases muscle size and strength of muscle fibers.
marijuana changes the way info. reaches and is acted upon by the brain.
gateway drugs drugs that lead you to take other drugs to get a ´´better high¨
analgesic pain reliever
zero tolerance law a policy that enforces strict consequence for underage drinking.
reverse tolerance a condition in which less and less alcohol causes intoxication.
intoxication the state in which a person´s mental and physical abilities are impaired by alcohol or another substance.
BAC/BAL % in IL BAC= blood alcohol concentration. In IL it is 1% of fluid in the blood.
fetal alcohol a group of birth defects caused by the effects of alcohol on an unborn child.
FDA the federal public health agencies.
tar a dark, sticky substance that forms when tobacco burns.
nicotine an extremely addictive chemical in tobacco products.
carbon monoxide a poisonous, colorless, odorless gas produced when substances are burned.
second hand smoke a combination of mainstream smoke and sidestream smoke; also known as environmental tobacco smoke.
sidestream smoke smoke that goes directly into the air from burning tobacco product.
mainstream smoke smoke that is exhaled from a smoker´s lungs.
emphysema a disorder in which damaged alveoli in the lungs can no longer take in adequate oxygen and eliminate carbon dioxide.
bronchitis an infection that causes the mucous membranes lining the bronchi to become infected.
cirrohosis a disease of the liver in which it becomes filled with useless scar tissue; cirrhosis may lead to liver failure.
Created by: katjordan