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Substances

Substances Vocab

TermDefinition
Drug Any substance other than food that changes the structure or function of the body
Addiction When the drinker has no control over his or her drinking
Physical dependance When an alcoholic's body requires alcohol to function
Psychological dependance When your brain influences your need for alcohol
Withdrawl A group of symptoms that occur when a dependant person stops taking a drug
Tolerance With repeated use of alcohol, its effects in the brain become reduced.
Synergistic When drugs interact to produce effects greater than those that each drug would produce alone.
Antagonistic When a drug's effect is cancelled out or reduced by another.
Drug use When someone properly uses a legal drug.
Drug misuse improper use of medicines- either prescription or OTC drugs
Drug abuse International improper or unsafe use of a drug.
Prescription drugs Drug that can only be obtained with written order from a doctor and can be purchased only at a pharmacy.
Over-the-counter (OTC) drugs Medicine sold legally in pharmacies and other stored without a doctors prescription.
Stimulants Drugs that can increase the activity of the nervous system.
Depressants A drug that slows brain and body reactions.
Hallucinogens A drug that distorts perception, thought and mood.
Club drugs The strength and quality of club drugs are highly unpredictable and still used in the club scene.
Inhalants A breathable chemical vapor that produces mind-altering effects.
Steroids Artificial forms of the male hormone testosterone.
Marijuana Leaves, stems and flowering tops of the hemp plant cannabis sativa.
What is a gateway drug? A gateway to using "harder" drugs.
Analgesic A pain reliever.
Zero tolerance law When students face stiff consequences starting with the first time they are caught with alcohol or other drugs.
Reverse tolerance A condition where less and less alcohol causes intoxication.
Intoxication A state in which a person's mental and physical abilities are impaired by alcohol or any other substance.
BAC/BAL Amount of alcohol in a person's blood.
% of BAC/BAL in Illinois .07
Fetal alcohol syndrom A group of birth defects caused by the effects of alcohol on an unborn child.
FDA stands for... Food and Drug Administration.
Tar Causes bad breath and brown stains on fingers and teeth.
Nicotine Very addictive.
Carbon Monoxide Red blood cells cannot transport as much oxygen as the body cells need.
Second hand smoke Inhaled by everyone near the smoker
Sidestream smoke Smoke that goes into the air directly from the cigarette.
Mainstream smoke Exhaled from a smoker's lungs.
Emphysema A disorder in which the alveoli in the lungs can no longer function properly.
Bronchitis An infection causing mucous membranes lining bronchi to become inflamed.
Cirrhosis A chronic disease in the liver forming inflammation and fibrosis thickening of the tissue. It is typically a result of alcoholism or hepatitis.
Dependance When the brain develops a chemical need for alcohol and cannot function without it.
Medicine Legal drugs that help the body fight injury, illness or disease
What is an example of a gateway drug? Marijuana
FDA... Inspects, tests and assesses the safety of food, drugs and a variety of consumer goods.
Created by: karcholewa