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substances vocab

Substances Vocab

TermDefinition
Drug a substance, other than food, that changes the structure or function of the body
Medicine legal drugs that help the body fight injury, illness, or disease.
Addiction/dependance addiction- the state of losing control over the use of a drug dependence- brain develops a chemical or physical need for a drug
withdrawl a group of symptoms that can occur when a person stops taking a drug
tolerance when the effects of a drug become reduced
drug interactions synergistic- drugs interact and produce a 'better' high antagonistic- drugs mixed cancel out and reduce eachother
drug use prescription and non-prescription drugs help treat illness if used corectly
drug misuse the improper use of medicines
drug abuse when a drug is intentionally used improperly
prescription drugs a drug that can only be obtained with a written order from a doctor
over-the-counter OTC drugs sold legally at pharmacies without note from a doctor
stimulants drugs that increase the activity of the nervous system speeds up activities of the central nervous system
depressants drug that slows brain and body reactions
hallucinogens a drug that distorts perception
club drugs a drug commonly used in clubs, and bars
inhalents a breathable chemical vapor that produces mind-altering effects
steroids artificial forms of the male testosterone hormone
marijuana the leaves, stems and flowering tops of the hemp plamt
gateway drug marijuana is often used as a 'gateway' to harder more dangerous drugs
analgesic a pain reliever
narcotics anything with sleep inducing activities
organs that alcohol effects liver, heart, brain
zero tolerance law a policy where students face stiff consequences- including suspension- starting with the first time they are caught with drugs or alcohol
reverse tolerance a condition in which less and less alcohol causes intoxication
intoxication a state in which a persons mental and physical abilities become impaired by alcohol or another substance
BAC/BAL blood alcohol concentration
% in IL .08
fetal alcohol syndrome a group of birth defects caused by the effects of alcohol on an unborn child
FDA food and drug administration
tar a dark, sticky substance that forms when tobacco burns
nicotine a very addictive chemical in tobacco plants
carbon monoxide an odorless poisonous gas
second hand smoke the combination of both sidestream smoke and mainstream smoke
sidestream smoke smoke that goes into the air directly from a cigarette
mainstream smoke exhaled from the smokers lungs
emphysema a disorder in which the alveoli in the lungs can no longer function properly
bronchitis an infection that causes the mucus membranes lining the bronchi to become inflamed
cirrhosis fat-filled liver cells die leaving behind useless scar tissue
Created by: RileyMarie