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Health Test #2

drug misuse improper use of medication (as specified by a doctor)
drug abuse illegal use of a drug; use of substances that should not enter the body
addiction a physical or psychological need for a drug
5 Drug Classifications narcotics, stimulants, depressants, hallucinogens, inhalants
narcotics specific drugs that are obtainable only by prescription and are used to relieve pain - very addictive
Examples of Narcotics morphine, coedine, heroin
morphine/coedine prescription drug used to treat extreme pain
heroin illegal drug made from morphine - most commonly abused narcotic - potentially fatal
stimulants substances that speed up the body's functions like heart rate, breathing, and blood pressure - very addictive
Examples of Stimulants caffeine, amphetamine, methamphetamine, cocaine, crack
caffeine drug found in cocoa, coffee, tea, soft drinks
amphetamine a drug that stimulates the Central Nervous System - often prescribed for treating hyperactive children
methamphetamine similar to amphetamine - prescribed for treating narcolepsy, Parkinson's disease, obesity
cocaine (AKA: coke, dust, toot, blow) powerful, illegal stimulant - potentially fatal
crack concentrated form of cocaine that can be smoked - effects are stronger than cocaine - potentially fatal
depressants substances that slow down the body's functions like heart rate, breathing, and blood pressure
Examples of Depressants tranquilizers, barbiturates, hypnotics
tranquilizers (AKA: valium, librium, xanax) prescribed to help reduce anxiety and relax muscles
barbiturates (AKA: downers, barbs, yellow jackets, reds) powerful sedatives that produce a feeling of relaxation
hypnotics (AKA: quaaludes, ludes, sopor) powerful drugs that bring on sleep
street drugs drugs made or sold outside of the government's regulations
Examples of Street Drugs marijuana
marijuana (AKA: pot, grass, weed, joint, herb) drug made from a plant containing THC that is smoked and affects the functioning of the brain and damages the heart/lungs - the most commonly used street drug - addictive
hallucinogens drugs that distort moods, thoughts, and senses - often lead to misjudgements that can result in death
Examples of Hallucinogens PCP, LSD
PCP (AKA: angel dust, super grass, killer weed, rocket fuel) powerful and dangerous hallucinogen that often produces strange, destructive behavior
LSD (AKA: acid, blotter, microdot, white lightning) powerfull hallucinogen that produces rapid mood swings, hallucinations, feelings of fear/terror
inhalants any substance whose fumes are sniffed and inhaled to produce a mind-altering sensation - fumes go directly to the brain and will damage not only the brain, but also the liver, kidneys and other vital organs - a single use can result in death
Examples of Inhalants spray paint, cleaning fluid, lighter fluid, hairspray, nail polish remover
club drugs drugs associated with night clubs, concerts, and raves
Examples of Club Drugs ectasy, GHB, rohypnol, ketamine
ectasy (AKA: E, X, XTC) a stimulant/hallucinogen pill - can cause permanent brain damage
GHB (AKA: liquid ectasy, liquid X, Georgia Home Boy) a depressant powder/liquid - extremely dangerous when combined with alcohol or other drugs - results in sleep, coma, or death
rohypnol (AKA: date rape drug, roofies, R2) powerful, sedative pill - causes sleepiness and possible blackouts
ketamine (AKA: special K) anesthetic used by vetrinarians for animals - causes hallucinations - possible respiratory failure
anabolic steroids synthetic form of the male growth hormone that causes muscles to bulk up quickly
Harmful Effects of Anabolic Steroids acne, mood swings, liver damage, brain cances, nausea, shorter adult height when used by children/teens
Created by: 16gmiceli