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Health

ECA

QuestionAnswer
Personal behaviors and habits that influence your level of health are called? Lifestyle factors
Cumulative risks can result from? Repeating a risk over time
To be an effective communicator, you need? Good listening skills
Building self-esteem and managing stress are Mental/Emotional health skills
Body composition is the ratio of body fat to? Lean body tissue
Vigorous activity in which oxygen is continuously taken in for at least 20 minutes is? Aerobic exercise
The ability to use force with great speed is Power
A person with Hypothermia Has very low body temperature
Depression and an inability to concentrate can result from Lack of sleep
Fats are Needed in moderate quantities
The nutrient that makes up the greatest percentage o the body Water
Drinking several cups of fluid two hours before and 15 minutes after a heavy workout Prevents electrolyte imbalance
Compared to a gram of protein, a gram of fat contains More than twice as many calories
Which statement does NOT describe the benefits of regular exercise It decreases metabolic rate
According to Maslow Lower-level needs must be met first
Making excuses to explain behavior instead of taking responsibility is an example of A defense mechanism
Messages you send yourself are referred to as Self-talk
During the alarm stage of the body's stress response, the pituitary gland secretes a hormone, which in turn stimulates the Adrenal glands
Having to leave your home because of hurricane damage is an example of An environmental stressor
When the body produces waste products in the form of lactic acid from the muscles and carbon dioxide from the body cells, the body is experiencing Physical fatigue
Rephrasing or summarizing what the other person has said to understand intent is called Reflective listening
Respect for a friend means You tolerate that individual's viewpoints
People seeking help for mental disorders Are showing responsibility for their well-being
A personality disorder often associated with hallucinations are hearing voices is Schizophrenia
Reliving an accident in nightmares and flashbacks is a symptom of Post-traumatic stress disorder
The substance that makes the skin waterproof is called Lipids
The type of joint that allows the widest range of motion is called a Ball-and-socket joint
When you exercise regularly, your heart becomes more efficient and it pumps More blood per beat
After a fracture, bones are repaired by a process called Ossification
The degenerative nerve disorder that destroys the myelin sheath that surrounds nerve cells is called Multiple sclerosis
The endocrine disorder in which the pancreas produced too little or no insulin, raising blood sugar levels, is called Diabetes mellitus
Each time the ventricles of the heart contract, Blood surges through the arteries
The part of the blood that carries oxygen is called Hemoglobin
To take in air, the longs are dependent on the diaphragm contracting To create lower pressure within the lungs
An inflammatory respiratory condition triggered by exertion, emotion, infections, and allergens is called Asthma
The passage of digested food from the digestive tract into the circulatory system is Absorption
Your kidneys Contain clusters of capillaries that filter blood
The two main biological functions of the male reproductive system are Production of sperm and its transfer to a female's body
The female reproductive system Nourishes the ovum from fertilization to birth
Fertilization of the ovum occurs in the Fallopian tubes
An example of a genetic disorder is Sickle cell anemia
When the body requires larger doses of a medicine to produce the same effect, it is experiencing Tolerance
Breast milk from a mother who smokes contains Nicotine
When alcohol is consumed along with other depressant drugs or medicines, it can result in A multiplier effect
In the United States, fetal alcohol syndrome is the leading cause of Mental retardation
An inflammation of infection of the liver, sometimes caused by toxic effects of alcohol, is called Cirrhosis
The ability of the immune system to fight pathogens decreases when HIV infects and destroys T-helper cells
A person infected with HIV will almost always Develop AIDS
A wound that results when tissue is separated partly or completely from a person's body is a(n) Avulsion
When alcohol is consumed along with other depressant drugs or medicines, it can result in A multiplier effect
The sum of your surroundings Environment
A nationwide health promotion and disease prevention plan Health People 2010
People of the same age who share similar interests Peers
An overall state of well-being Wellness
The combination of physical, mental/emotional, and social well-being Health
The desire to eat appetite
Units of heat that measure the food energy in food Calories
A natural drive protecting against starvation hunger
Compounds that help regulate the digestion, absorption, and metabolism of other nutrients Vitamins
A useful tool for making healthful daily food choices Food Guide Pryamid
Steps that enable you to make a healthful decision Decision- making skills
Something you aim for that requires planning and work Goal
Your beliefs about what is important Vaules
A goal that can be achieved quickly Short-term goals
A goal that requires an extended amount of time to achieve Long-term goals
A fibrous cord that attaches bone to muscle Tendon
The 80 bones of the skull, spine, ribs, vertebrae, and sternum Axial Skeleton
A type of striated muscle that forms the wall of the heart Cardiac muscle
The protrusion of an organ or tissue through an area of weak muscle Hernia
The second largest part of the brain Cerebellum
The throat Pharynx
The airways that connect the trachea and lungs Bronchi
An inflammation of the tissues that line the sinuses Sinusitis
A contagious bacterial infection that usually affects the lungs Tuberculosis
The fluid in which other parts of the blood are suspended Plasma
A feeling of discomfort in the upper abdomen Indigestion
A burning sensation in the center of the chest that may rise from the bottom of the breastbone up to throat Heartburn
A series of involuntary muscle contractions that move food through the digestive tract Peristalsis
A creamy, fluid mixture of food and gastric juices Chyme
A yellow-green, bitter fluid important in the breakdown and absorption of fats Bile
The system of organs involved in producing offspring Reproductive system
The male sex hormone Testosterone
A muscular, elastic passageway that extends from the uterus to the outside of the body Vagina
The shedding of the uterine lining Menstruation
A pair of tubes with fingerlike projections that draw the ovum Fallopian tubes
Which of the following best describes the health triangle To be truly healthy, all three sides need to be in balance
Abstinence can lead to A lower risk of disease
Which of the following is NOT a lifestyle factor Smoking cigarettes
The three elements of your health triangle are Physical, mental/emotional, and social health
Which influence of health cannot be changed Heredity
A step test is a good way to measure Cardiorespiratory endurance
A good way to determine your general level of flexibility is to Use a sit and reach test
Purging of the digestive system following overeating is a system of Bulimia Nervosa
A healthy relationship Benefits both people involved
Which of the following is an accurate statement about communication How you say something is as important as what you say
Regular gentle stretching helps improve Flexibility
Provide nine calories per gram Fats
Is the most mobile joint Ball and Socket
A flap of cartilage that folds down to close off the entrance to the larynx and trachea when you swallow Epiglottis
When a bone slips from its normal position within a joint Dislocation
Created by: paigeperkes