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chapter 4

vocabulary

Term and DefinitionDefinition and Term
penal code criminal law of a political jurisdiction
the violation of the civil law tort
the body of law that defines criminal offenses and their penalties substantive law
the body of law that governs the ways substantive laws are administrated ; called remedial law procedural law
civil law resolving conflicts between individuals
criminal law formal means of social control
the rights of people suspected of or charged with crimes due process of law
idea characteristic of criminal law ; rules made by the state politicality
referring to its scope specificity
the applicability of the law to all persons regularity
enforcement of the laws against anyone who violates them uniformity
the principle that violators will be punished or at least threated by the state penal sanction
precedent decision that forms a potential basis for deciding the outcomes of similar cases in the future
stare decisis principle of using precedents to guide future decisions in court cases
searches discovering evidence of crimes or persons who are accused of crimes
warrant to search for a persons arrest
seizures taking persons property in custody
arrest seizure of a person or taking a person into custody
probable cause amount of proof necessary to arrest suspect
reasonable suspicion standard of proof that is more than a gut feeling
mere suspicion the standard of proof with the least certainly "gut-feeling"
frisking patting the outside of suspects clothes
evidence that more likely than not outweighs the opposing evidence preponderance of evidence
standard of proof necessary to find a defendant guilty beyond a reasonable trail
standard proof necessary for a defendant to make a successful claim of insanity clear and convincing evidence
rule that illegally seized evidence must be excluded from trails in federal courts exclusionary rule
defendant of a second trail for the same offense double jeopardy
being a witness against oneself self-incrimination
admission by a person accused of a crime confession
third degree methods doctrine of fundamental fairness
written order issued by a court subpoena
venue place of the trail
contraband illegal substance or object
Created by: kimikocruz