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Digestive System

Ch.12 Med Terminology II

TermDefinition
or/o stomat/o mouth or/al- pertaining to the mouth stomat/itis- inflammation of the mouth
gloss/o tongue gloss/ectomy- removal of all or part of the tongue
lingu/o tongue lingu/al- pertaining to the tongue
bucc/o cheek bucc/al- pertaining to the cheek
cheil/o lip cheil/o/plasty- surgical repair of a defective lip ( -plasty: surgical repair)
dent/o teeth dent/ist- specialist who treats disorders of the teeth -ist: specialist
odont/o teeth orth/odont/ist- dentist who specializes in correcting and preventing irregularities of abnormally positioned or aligned teeth orth: straight -ist: specialist
gingiv/o gums gingiv/ectomy- excision of diseased gingival tissue -ectomy: excision, removal
sial/o saliva, salivary gland sial/o/lith- calculus formed in a salivary gland or duct -lith: stone, calculus
esophag/o esophagus esophag/o/scope- instrument for examining the esophagus -scope: instrument for examining
pharyng/o pharynx (throat) pharyng/o/tonsill/itis- inflammation of the pharynx and tonsils tonsill: tonsils -itis: inflammation
gastr/o stomach gastr/algia- pain in the stomach, aka stomachache -algia: pain
pylor/o pylorus pylor/o/spasm- involuntary contraction of the pyloric sphincter of the stomach, as in pyloric stenosis -spasm: involuntary contraction, twitching
duoden/o duodenum (1st part of the small intestine) duoden/o/scopy- visual exam of the duodenum -scopy: visual exam
enter/o intestine (usually small intestine) enter/o/pathy- disease of the intestine -pathy: disease
jejun/o jejunum (2nd part of the small intestine) jejun/o/rrhaphy- suture of the jejunum -rrhaphy: suture
ile/o ileum (3rd part of the small intestine) ile/o/stomy- creation of an opening between the ileum and the abdominal wall -stomy: forming an opening (mouth)
append/o appendix append/ectomy- excision of the appendix -ectomy: excision, removal
col/o colon colon/o/stomy- creation of an opening between the colon and the abdominal wall -stomy: forming an opening (mouth)
colon/o colon colon/o/scopy- visual exam of the colon -scopy: visual examination
sigmoid/o sigmoid colon sigmoid/o/tomy- incision of the sigmoid colon -tomy: incision
rect/o rectum rect/o/cele- herniation of protrusion of the rectum, aka proctocele -cele: hernia, swelling
proct/o anus, rectum proct/o/logist- physician who specializes in treating disorders of the colon, rectum, and anus -logist: specialist in the study of
an/o anus peri/an/al- pertaining to the area around the anus peri: around -al: pertaining to
hepat/o liver hepat/o/megaly- enlargement of the liver -megaly: enlargement
pancreat/o pancreas pacreat/o/lysis- destruction of the pancreas -lysis: separation; destruction; loosening
cholangi/o bile vessel cholangi/ole- small terminal portion of the bile duct -ole: small, minute
chol/e bile, gall chol/e/lith- gallstone -lith: calculus, stone
cholecyst/o gallbladder cholecyst/ectomy- removal of the gallbladder -ectomy: removal, excision
Created by: StephanieHarless