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ABC airway, breathing, circulation
CCC check call care
check the scene so that we do not become a victim ourselves
head chin lift- LLF look listen feel
recognizing emergencies unusual sights, appearances or behaviors, odors, or noises
fee them no
normal breathing regular, effortless, quiet
after care wash hands
good samaritan law laws that protect you in the event that you help someone during an emergency
obtaining consent if the person is not fully conscious, consent is implied if fully conscious ask for consent if minor alone consent implied if minor ask adult if present
general care do not further harm them monitor the persons breathing and consciousness help the person rest in the most comfortable position keep person from getting chilled or overheated reassure them give specific care needed
shock call 911 have person lie down control external bleeding
signals restlessness or irritability alerted level of consciousness nausea or vomiting pale, ashen, cool, moist skin rapid breathing and pulse excessive thirst
moving an injured person when you are face with immediate danger when you have to get another person who is more serious when it is necessary to give proper care
signals of heart attack persistent chest discomfort pain/pressure in arm/back/stomach pain that spreads to sholder, arm, neck, or jaw dizziness or lightheadedness/ loss of consciousness trouble breathing- noise breathing pale skin sweating
cardiac chain of survival early recognition and early access early CPR early defiberlation early advanced medical care
CPR doesn't restart the heart it takes the oxygenated blood to vital organs
CPR arm position elbows locked heel of hand on middle breast bone shoulders up and over hands
fingers 2-3 fingers middle of breast bone straight down smooth and delierate
adult CPR check call care head chin life look listen feel (10 secs) 30 compressions 2 breaths
child/ infant CPR CCC head chin lift LLF (10 sec) 2 breaths- different 30 compressions
stop CPR the scene becomes unsafe the person shows signs of life an AED is available to and ready to use another trained responder arrives and takes over you are too exaused to continue
depths of compressions adult: at least 2 inches child: about 2 inches infant: about 1.5 inches
rate/ minute 100/1
length of breaths 1 sec 5 cycles in 2 mins
signals of a breathing emergency cannot cough breath or speak for infant- cannot cough cry or breath 2 hands on neck if coughing continues if conscious contain consent
conscious chocking adult and child CCC 5 back blows head of victim is down 5 abnormal thrusts
conscious chocking infant CCC 5 back blows between shoulder blades the head is lower than the chest 5 chest thrusts
unconscious chocking adult CCC head chin life LLF for 10 secs 30 compressions look in mouth 2 resuce breaths
unconscious chocking child and infant CCC head chin lift- LLF 10 secs 2 rescue breaths re- tilt head if air doesn't go in 30 compressions look in mouth 2 breaths
sudden illness general care first care for life- threatening conditions first then make then comfortable and make sure their conditions aren't getting worse
diabetic emergencies if conscious, give sugar call 911 can be life threatening
seizures do not hold them down or put anything in mouth move everything away let it go
stroke FAST Face- weakness on side of the face- smile Arm- weakness or numbness in one arm Speech- slurred speech or trouble speaking Time- call 911
allergic reaction assist with the medication
fainting self- correcting lie down with feet 12'' above ground
heat relate illness heat cramps heat exhaustion heat stroke
heat cramps move person give person water lightly scratch muscle
heat exhaustion move to a cool place loosen/ remove clothing fan person apply wet towels give water to conscious person only looks like stroke- call 911
heat stroke call 911 give care until help arrives
cold related illnesses hyperthermia frostbite
hypothermia move person to warm place ABC and care shock remove wet clothing and cover with blankets monitor use of heating pads so person doesn't burn warm person slowly and carefully
frostbite remove wet clothing and jewelry from skin soak frostbitten area in warm water cover with gauze check ABC and care for shock do not rewarm if danger or refreezing
soft tissue injuries bruises, lacerations avulsions, abrasions, punctures
control external bleeding put on gloves apply direct pressure use dry sterile dressing to cut apply layers of guaze on one another if extreme call EMS
nosebleed have person sit with nose forward pinching it for 10 mins apply ice pack apply pressure to upper lip
burns check scene for safety remove person from source check threatening conditions cool w/ water cover with gauze comfort person do not apply: ice for more than 10 mins, touch a burn wout clean covering, try to clean severe burn or break blisters
injuring to muscle bones and joints RICE: Rest- don't move injured area Immobilize- stabilize injury the way it is found Cold- apply ice for 20 mins elevate
head neck and spinal injuries keep person's head the way it is found if they are wearing any headgear leave it on tell the person to answer verbally
concussions a temporary loss of brain function by a blow to the head effects can appear immediately but can last for days or longer every concussion should be treated immediately call 911
Created by: campbellm19