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Health unit 3

Stack de study

Define Alcohol A drug produced by a chemical reaction in fruits/vegetables/grains that slows down the functions of the human body (depressant)
Cirrhosis scarring and destruction of the liver
Blood Alcohol concentration (BAC) the amount of alcohol in a person’s bloodstream
Intoxicated physically and mentally impaired by the use of alcohol
Binge drinking the consumption of several alcoholic drinks in a very short period of time
Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS a group of alcohol-related birth defects that include both physical and mental problems (drinking while pregnant)
Alchoholism a progressive, chronic disease involving a mental and physical need for alcohol
Detoxification a process in which an alcoholic’s body adjusts to functioning without alcohol
Recovery – the process of learning to live an alcohol-free life
Sobriety living without alcohol
Heart (Effects of alcohol on body) high blood pressure, damage to the cardiac muscle
Blood Vessels (effects of alcohol on body) – hardening of arteries and veins making them less flexible
Brain (Effects of alcohol on body) destruction of brain cells, nerves cells around the body are damaged resulting in numbness in hands/feet
Liver (Effects of alcohol on body) damage may result in cirrhosis
Stomach(Effects of alcohol on body) irritation to the stomach lining causing open sores (ulcers)
Pancreas(Effects of alcohol on body) inflammation of the pancreas may effect insulin production (diabetes)
Body Size Influencing Factors larger people are effected somewhat less than smaller people with the same amount of alcohol consumption
Gender Influencing Factors alcohol moves faster <in general> into the bloodstream of females
Time Influencing Factors the quicker a person drinks the more intoxicated s/he will get
Amount Influencing Factors high levels of alcohol in the bloodstream may result in poisoning
Food Influencing Factors having food in the stomach will slow down the passage of alcohol into the blood
Medicine Influencing Factors alcohol effects may be intensified when combine with medicine
Alcohol content _ ounce beer (_% alcohol by volume) 12oz, 5%
Alcohol content _ ounce wine (_% alcohol by volume) 4oz 12-15%
Alcohol content _ ounce vodka/wisky (_% alcohol by volume) 1.5 oz 40%
A Blood Alcohol Concentration (or BAC) of ___ means a person is legally intoxicated (possibility of jail and/or loss of driver’s license) .08
For persons under the age of 21 a BAC above _is illegal 21, 0
Almost __ of college suicides involve alcohol 2/3
___ of all traffic deaths of people under 25 involve alcohol 1/2
Almost a ____ of all violent crimes committed by teens involve alcohol quater
Between ___ and ___ of date rape cases among teens and college students involve alcohol 1/3 and 2/3
Stages of alcoholism- stage 1 Casual use becomes more regular. The drinker soon begins needing alcohol to cope with daily life. The drinker starts lying or making excuses for their drinking.
Stages of alcoholism- stage 2 While continuing to drink, the body begins to become dependant. The drinker begins denying that there is a problem.
Stages of alcoholism- stage 3 The problem is now clear to other people. The drinker is very addicted and out of control.
Step 1 to recovery STEP 1: ADMISSION The alcoholic admits to having a problem
Step 2 to recovery STEP 2: DETOXIFICATION Body’s adjustment to not using alcohol
Step 3 to recovery STEP 3: COUNSELING Help is given to the alcoholic to try living without alcohol
Step 4 to recovery STEP 4: RECOVERY Alcoholic takes responsibility for his/her life and stays sober
Stop guidelines S – Say no in a firm voice T – Tell why not O – Offer another idea P – Promptly leave
Created by: 16eferro