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health substances

substance vocab

TermDefinition
drug a chemical substance that is taken to cause changes in a person's body or behavior
medicine a legal drug that helps the body fight injury, illness, or disease
addiction the state of losing control over the use of a drug
dependence the condition that results when the brain develops a chemical need for a drug and can't function normally without it
physical dependence body needs it
psychological dependence mind needs it
withdrawal a group of symptoms that occur when a dependent person stops taking a drug
tolerance the condition that results when repeated use of a drug causes it to have less of a effect on the brain
drug interactions two drugs interact to produce effects that are greater than either drug would by itself
drug use using a drug
drug misuse the improper use of medications
drug abuse the intentional improper or unsafe use of a drug
prescription drugs a drug that can only be obtained only with a written note from a doctor and can only be purchased at a pharmacy
over the counter drug a medicine that is sold legally in pharmacies and other stores without a doctor's prescription
stimulants a type of drug that increases the activity of the nervous system
depressants a drug that slows brain and body reactions
hallucinogens a drug that distorts perception though and mood
club drugs drugs that first gained popularity at dance clubs and raves
inhalants a breathable chemical vapor that produces mind altering effects
anabolic steroids an artificial form of the male hormone testosterone that is used to increase muscle size
marijuana a drug made from the stem, leaves and flowering tops from the hemp plant
gateway drug a drug that is linked to using other harder drugs
analgesic pain reliever
zero tolerance law a policy that enforces strict consequences for under age drinking
reverse tolerance a condition in which less and less alcohol causes intoxication
intoxication the state in which a person's mental and physical abilities are impaired by alcohol or another substance
Bac the amount of alcohol in a persons blood
fetal alcohol syndrome a group of birth defects cause by alcohol on a unborn child
FDA inspects tests and assesses the safety of food and drugs
tar a dark sticky substance that forms when tobacco burns
nicotine a chemical naturally produced by tobacco plants that acts like a insecticide to protect the plant's leaves from insects
carbon monoxide odorless poisonous gas formed by tobacco burning
second hand smoke effects cardiovascular disease, respiratory problems, and cancer
side stream smoke smoke that goes into the air from the cigarette
mainstream smoke exhaled from a smokers lung
emphysema a disorder in which damaged alveoli in the lungs can no longer take in adequate oxygen and eliminate carbon dioxide
bronchitis infection that causes the mucous membranes lining the bronchi to become inflamed
cirrhosis liver filled with fat which block blood flow leaving behind useless scar tissue
Created by: natwandycz