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Substances Vocab

Substances Vocabulary

TermDefinition
Drug A chemical substance that is taken to cause changes in a person's body or behavior.
Medicine A legal drug that helps the body fight injury, illness, and a disease.
Addiction The state of losing control over the use of a drug; it is accompanied by a strong craving for a drug.
Physical Dependence Refers to a state resulting from chronic use of a drug that has produced tolerance and where negative physical symptoms of withdrawal result from abrupt discontinuation or dosage reduction. The body needs it to function.
Psychological Dependence A person thinks they need to have the drug.
Withdrawal A group of symptoms that occur when a dependent person stops taking a drug.
Drug Interaction Sometimes, two drugs can interact to produce effects that are greater than either drug would produce itself.
Prescription Drugs A drug that can only be obtained with an written order from a doctor and can be purchased only at a pharmacy
OTC Drugs A medicine that us sold legally in pharmacies and other stores without a doctor's prescription
Stimulants A type of drug that increases that activity of the nervous system,
Depressants A drug that slows the brain and body reactions
Hallucinogens A drug that distorts perception, thought, and mood
Club Drugs Drugs that first gained popularity at dance and raves.
Inhalants A breathable chemical vapor that produces mind-altering effects.
Steroids An artificial form of the male hormone testosterone that is used to create muscle size and strength
Marijuana A drug made from the leaves, stems, and flowering tops of the hemp plant.
Gateway Drug A habit-forming drug that, while not itself addictive, may lead to the use of other addictive drugs.
Analgesic Pain Reliever
Zero Tolerance Law A policy that enforces strict consequences for underage drinking.
Reverse Tolerance A condition in which less and less alcohol causes intoxication.
BAC (BAL) The amount of alcohol in a person's blood, expressed as a percentage.
Fetal Alcohol Syndrome A group of birth defeats caused by the effects of alcohol in an unborn child.
FDA Stands For Food and Drug Administration
FDA Does Inspects, tests, and assesses the safety of food, drugs, and a variety of consumer goods.
Tar Tar is a dark and sticky substance that forms when tobacco burns.
Nicotine Nicotine is a very addictive chemical in tobacco products.
Carbon Monoxide When substances (including tobacco)
Second Hand Smoke A combination of mainstream smoke and side stream smoke; also known as environmental tobacco smoke.
Sidestream Smoke Smoke that goes directly into the air from burning a tobacco product.
Mainstream Smoke Smoke that is exhaled from a smoker's lungs.
Emphysema A disorder in which damaged alveoli in the lungs can no longer take in adequate oxygen and eliminate carbon dioxide.
Bronchitis An infection that causes mucous membranes lining the bronchi to become inflamed
Created by: heeawan