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marion tech soc exam

systematic study of human society Sociology
a major sphere of social life or societal subsystems, organized to make human needs Social Institutions
the way of thinking, ways of acting, and material objects that together form people's way of life. culture
4 main charchertistics 1. Language 2. Symbol 3.Values 4. Norms
huge violation IE murder Taboo
Statement of how and why specific facts are related Theory
recognized and intended consequences of any social pattern Manifest Functions
unrecognized and unintended consequences of any social pattern Latent Functions
Basic image of society that guides thinking and research Theoretical Approach
any social pattern that may disrupt the operation of society social dysfunctions
framework for building theory that sees society as a complex system whose parts work together to promote solidarity to stablity Structural function approach
framework for building theory that sees society as the product of the everyday interactions of individuals Symbolic interaction approach
framework for building theory that sees society as an arena of inequality that generates conflict and change social conflict approach
system of symbols that allows people to communicate with one another Language
anything that carries a particular meaning recognized by people who share a culture symbol
people who interact in a defined territory and share a culture Society
Sanction Neg discourage bad behavior Positive encourage normative behavior Formal or informal Offical or unofficial
rules and expectations by which a society guides the members and their behaviors Norms
cultural patterns that strongly oppose those widely accepted in a culture Counterculture
Cultural patterns that are widespread among a societys population Popular Culture
cultural patterns that set apart some segment of a societys population Subculture
the lifelong experience by which people develop their human potential and learn culture Socialization
persons fairly consistent patterns of acting thinking and feeling personality
a setting which people are isolated from the rest of society and manipulated by an administrative staff. Total Institution
process by which people act and react in relations to others Social Interaction
Social position that a person holds Status
a status that has special importance for social identity often shaping a persons entire life Master Status
behavior expected of someone who holds a particular status Role
Conflict among roles connected to 2 or more statuses role conflict
tension among the roles connected to a single status role strain
goffmans term for a persons effort to create specific impressions in minds of others presentation of self
2 or more people who identify with and interact with one another social group
organizational model rationally designed to perform tasks bureaucracy
focus on rules and regulations to the point of undermining an organizations goals Bureaucratic Ritualism
group leadership that focuses on the groups well being expressive leader
Group leadership that focuses on completion of tasks Instrumental leaders
take charge leadership that demands obedience Authoritarian leaders
expressive and makes point of including everyone in decision making process Democratic leader
allows the group to function more or less on its own Laissez-Faire Leader
Created by: zachmic78