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Ch. 1

Leading a Healthy Life

TermDefinition
Infectious Diseases Illnesses that are passed from one person to another; Leading cause of death in the late 1800's and 1900's.
Lifestyle Diseases Diseases that are caused partly by unhealthy behaviors, partly by other factors. They are influenced by choices we make that affect our health.
Risk Factor Anything that increases the likelihood of injury, disease or other health problems. Ex: family history, diet, exercise, smoking
Sedentary Not taking part in physical activity on a regular basis.
Wellness The achievement of a person's best in all six components of health.
Health Literacy Knowledge of health information needed to make good choices about your health.
Health The state of well-being in which all six components of health are in balance.
Motor vehicle accidents Leading cause of death in teens (preventable)
Homicide Second leading cause of death in teens (preventable)
Suicide Third leading cause of death in teens (preventable)
Heart Disease Leading cause of death in people ages 65 and older
Cancer Leading cause of death in people ages 19-65
Public Health The practice of protecting and improving the health of people in a community.
Epidemic The occurrence of more cases of a disease than expected.
Outbreak An unexpected increase in illness.
Emotional COH: Express feelings in a positive and non-destructive way; good coping skills
Mental COH: The ability to recognize reality and cope with the demands of daily life; feeling comfortable with yourself; high self esteem
Spiritual COH: Following your morals and values; understanding your purpose in life; for some it may be practicing your religion
Social COH: The quality of your relationships with friends, family, teachers and others you are in contact with.
Controllable risk factors Physical activity, Smoking, Weight, Diet
Uncontrollable risk factor Age, Race, Heredity, Gender
Health Risk Behaviors Sedentary lifestyle, Alcohol or Drug use, Sexual activity, Tobacco use, Poor eating habits, Behaviors that cause injuries
Atherosclerosis Tiny fat deposits in the walls of the arteries that can lead to blockage of blood flow to brain or heart.
Hypertension High Blood Pressure
Systolic The top number of a blood pressure reading (during contraction)
Diastolic The bottom number of a blood pressure reading (rest/refill)
Stroke Occurs when blood supply to part of the brain suddenly stops.
Angina Chest pain
Arrythmia Uncoordinated or irregular heartbeats that strain the heart.
Tachycardia Abnormally fast heart rate
Bradycardia Abnormally slow heart rate
Fibrillation When the heart muscle quivers instead of contracts and blood is not pumped from the heart.
Stress Test Procedure where an ECG is performed while walking on a treadmill to determine how physical activity affects the heart's function.
Angiogram Procedure where dye is injected into a vein and circulated into the coronary vessels in order to reveal narrowed or blocked coronary arteries.
Stent A circular, hollow wire mesh tube inserted into a vein and guided into coronary arteries in order to expand and crush buildup in the vessel.
Diabetes Disorder in which the body is unable to regulate its levels of Insulin.
Tumor A mass of abnormal cells.
Malignant Cancerous cells
Benign Non-cancerous cells
Created by: Mjunko