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Human dysf final

Cardio & Respiratory

QuestionAnswer
Signs and Symptoms of Emphysema dyspnea, chronic cough, weight loss, barrel chest, prolonged expiratory period. tachypnea
Signs and Symptoms of Asthma wheezing, dyspnea, prolonged expiration, flaring nostrils, tachycardia, allergic rhinitis
Signs and Symptoms of Chronic Bronchitis Cough for at least 3 mo. of 2 consecutive years, hypertrophy of the bronchial mucous glands, damage to cilia, narrowed airways, exertional dyspnea, weight gain, wheezing
What is Respiratory Distress syndrome in infants Infants born before the 35 wek and weight less than 5 lbs. Intercostal muscles are weak. Alveoli are immature. Widespread alveolar collapse due to lack of surfactant. Atelectasis, hypoxia, and acidosis
Signs and Symptoms of RDS in infants Bluish color of the skin and mucus membranes (cyanosis) Brief stop in breathing (apnea) Decreased urine output Grunting Nasal flaring Rapid breathing Shallow breathing Shortness of breath and grunting sounds while breathing
What is Cor Pulmonale Hypertrophy of the right ventricle of the heart resulting from diseases affecting the lungs
Rehab for COPD strengthen muscles of respiration, chest physiotherapy to mobilize secretions; energy conservation and work simplification; purse lip breathing; diaphragmatic breathing
Ischemia deficient blood flow
Angina cardiac pain
Atherosclerosis hardening of fatty plaque on vessel wall
syncope sudden brief loss of consciousness
claudication cramp-like pain in calves caused by poor circulation
Thrombus a clot in the cardiovascular system
Embolus a detached thrombus occluding a vessel
orhtostatic hypotension drop in blood pressure with position changes
Angioplasty surgical repair of a blood vessel
S&S of L sided Heart failure Pulmonary S&S Pulmonary edema Hypoxia Orthopnea Tachypnea Dyspnea, Cough Cyanosis Palpitations, arrhythmias
S&S of R sided Heart failure Systemic S&S Peripheral edema Hepatomegaly Splenomegaly Distended neck veins Ascites, abdominal distention, n/v Dizziness, syncope, weakness, fatigue, anorexia
S&S of Myocardial Infarction :Chest discomfort or pain- uncomfortable pressure, fullness, squeezing pain, pain spreading to the shoulders, neck and arms. Dizziness Anxiety/nervousness Paleness or pallor Increased irregular heart rate Feeling of impending doom
What is Bypass surgery? A healthy blood vessel is removed from leg, arm or chest blood vessel is used to create new blood flow path in your heart
COMPLIANCE how easily the thorax/lungs expand
PNEUMOTHORAX presence of free air or gas in pleural space causing a lung to collapse=sudden
ANOXIA Absence of oxygen supply to an organ or tissue
HYPERCAPNIA increased C02 in the blood. Not breathing out enough C02. (sleepy, weak, muscle tremors, disoriented)
CYANOSIS A dark bluish color of the skin and mucous membrane due to deficient oxygenation of the blood
Created by: clmhalbower