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Fitness for Living

Lesson 4 Vocabulary (Weight Training)

TermDefinition
Osteoporosis Bone disease which makes bones weak and fragile
Equation for Power Force times distance divided by time
Isokinetic Resistance Maximal resistance through a full range of motion using a machine
Question 1: What is the most popular form of weight training? Write your answer on study guide.
Atrophy Decrease in muscle size
Barbell Six foot long iron bar
Free Weight Weight discs on a bar
Question 2: What is required when doing forced repetitions? Write your answer on your study guide.
Isometric Contraction Muscle contraction with movement
Muscle Endurance Ability of a muscle to repeat an activity over and over
Maximum Resistance The most weight a person can lift at one time
Recovery Period A rest period after a workout
Time Amount of time it takes to complete a set of an exercise
Question 3: Name the two types of weight systems. Write your answer on your study guide.
Repetitions The number of times each exercise is repeated
Isotonic Contraction Muscle contraction with movement
Minimum Resistance 60 percent of maximum resistance
Hypertrophy Increase in the muscle size
Set A certain number of repititions
Muscle Strength Ability of a muscle to exert a force against resistance
Resistance A weight moved during training
Progressive Resistance To increase resistance as you train
Power The rate of working
Question 4: What is a burn when speaking of weight training? Write your answer on your study guide.
Created by: Mary Rider