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ACE Group Instructor

Group Fitness Instructor Test Questions

QuestionAnswer
Alternative healthcare providers, such as chiropractors and acupuncturists, are not considered part of the allied healthcare continuum. - True/False False
Health coaches teach clients proper nutrition through recipes, meal plans, food-preparation methods, and implementation of specialized diets. - True/False False
Personal trainers and group fitness instructors are considered “rehabilitation professionals.” - True/False False
Group fitness instructors are valuable members of the healthcare continuum. - True/False True
Physicians cannot refer patients to a fitness professional without first referring to a physical therapist or athletic trainer. - True/False False
Physicians are the “gatekeepers” of allied healthcare. - True/False True
Recognizes a relatively narrow scope of specialized knowledge in performing duties or tasks as part of a certain profession or occupation- 1. Licensure 2. Cert of completion 3. Professional Cert 4. Knowledge-based cert 5. Registration 6. Curriculum-based Knowledge-based certificate
A voluntary process by which a non-governmental body grants a time-limited recognition and use of a credential to individuals who have demonstrated that they have met the criteria for required knowledge, skills, or competencies for safe and effective prac Professional certificate
Issued after an individual attends or participates in a particular learning event - 1. Licensure 2. Cert of completion 3. Professional Cert 4. Knowledge-based cert 5. Registration 6. Curriculum-based cert Certificate of completion
Either the professional designation defined by a governmental entity in professional regulations or rules, or to a listing of practitioners - 1. Licensure 2. Cert of completion 3. Professional Cert 4. Knowledge-based cert 5. Registration 6. Curriculum-bas Registration
The mandatory process by which a governmental agency grants a time-limited permission to an individual to engage in a given occupation after verifying that he or she has met standardized criteria and offers title protection for those who meet the criteria Licensure
Issued after an individual completes a course or series of courses and passes an assessment - 1. Licensure 2. Cert of completion 3. Professional Cert 4. Knowledge-based cert 5. Registration 6. Curriculum-based cert Curriculum-based certificate
Teaching participants how to manage post-exercise soreness through the use of over-the-counter anti-inflammatory medications - In/Out of scope for GFI OUT
Educating participants about fitness- and health-related topics to facilitate long-term success - In/Out of scope for GFI IN
Conducting pre-class assessments of participants - In/Out of scope for GFI IN
Treating a participant’s injury after it has been diagnosed by his or her physician - In/Out of scope for GFI OUT
Responding to emergency situations when they occur - In/Out of scope for GFI IN
Assisting participants in setting and achieving realistic fitness goals - In/Out of scope for GFI IN
Helping participants in a weight-loss program to develop meal plans - In/Out of scope for GFI OUT
Instructing class participants in how to properly manage exercise intensity using the talk test - In/Out of scope for GFI IN
At what point is an individual FIRST responsible for adhering to the ACE Code of Ethics? 1.After completion of the exam 2.After registering for the exam 3.After getting hired as an ACE Certified GFI 4.After earning the ACE certification After registering for the exam
What is the recommended repetition range for resistance exercises to improve muscular endurance? Select one: 8–12 15–20 10–15 >20 15-20
Arms should be kept below the level of the heart - warm-up, conditioning segment, or cool-down cool-down
Focuses largely on rehearsal moves - warm-up, conditioning segment, or cool-down warm-up
Gradually redistributes blood flow to working muscles - warm-up, conditioning segment, or cool-down warm-up
An excellent opportunity to use visualization techniques - warm-up, conditioning segment, or cool-down cool-down
Limits lactic acid buildup - warm-up, conditioning segment, or cool-down warm-up
Progression and regression options are provided - warm-up, conditioning segment, or cool-down conditioning segment
The talk test, heart rate, and ratings of perceived exertion are used to monitor intensity - warm-up, conditioning segment, or cool-down conditioning segment
Dynamic range-of-motion movements are performed for all major muscle groups (if appropriate) - warm-up, conditioning segment, or cool-down warm-up
Designed to raise internal temperature and enhance neuromuscular efficiency - warm-up, conditioning segment, or cool-down warm-up
Includes exercise sequences that are built logically and progressively - warm-up, conditioning segment, or cool-down conditioning segment
Which of the following intensity levels is MOST appropriate for novice to intermediate exercisers seeking to improve their strength? Select one: >80% of 1-RM 60–70% of 1-RM 20–50% of 1-RM 40–50% of 1-RM 60-70% of 1-RM
Static stretches should be held for at least 60 seconds when performed during the cool-down to be effective. - True/False False
Research has proven that static stretching is most appropriate during the warm-up phase. - True/False False
Static stretches should be limited to five to 10 seconds during the warm-up. - True/False True
Stretching during the cool-down should include those muscle groups that people typically use during their activities of daily living. - True/False True
GFIs should always be prepared to teach inclusive, multilevel classes in which appropriate ________________ and regressions are provided. Progressions
Class content can vary dramatically from one class to another when the instructor teaches using ____________ choreography. freestyle
The intent of teaching ___________ classes is a performance-like consistency of delivery and class experience, discouraging variations among instructors. pre-choreographed
The ability of a muscle to perform repeated or sustained contractions without fatigue Term: Health-related or skill-related? Muscular Endurance: health related
The range of motion at a joint Term: Health-related or skill-related? Felxibility: health-related
The ability to maintain equilibrium while stationary or moving Term: Health-related or skill-related? Balance: skill-related
The ability to perform a movement within a short period of time Term: Health-related or skill-related? Speed: skill-related
The ability of a muscle to exert maximal force Term: Health-related or skill-related? Muscular Strength: health-related
The rate at which work can be performed Term: Health-related or skill-related? Power: skill-related
The ability to rapidly and accurately change the position of the body in space Term: Health-related or skill-related? Agility: skill-realted
The amount of time elapsed between the stimulus for movement and the beginning of the movement Term: Health-related or skill-related? Reaction Time: skill-related
The relative amounts of fat mass and fat-free mass in the body Term: Health-related or skill-related? Body Composition: health related
The ability of the circulatory and respiratory systems to supply oxygen to working muscles during sustained physical activity Term: Health-related or skill-related? Cariorespiratory Endurance: health-related
The ability to smoothly and accurately perform complex movements Term: Health-related or skill-related? Coordination: skill-related
The evidence-based recommendations for aerobic exercise includes? Deconditioned perform mod-to-vigorous aerobic exercise most days Vigorous-intens exercise perform no more than three times/week Exercise perform 30 min/day Sedentary benefit 20 min/day Sedentary individuals can yield benefits from less than 20 minutes of exercise each day
Lifting heavier loads and performing a lower number of repetitions to improve muscular strength is an example of the principle of ___________. Specifictiy
The principle of _____________ demonstrates the importance of continued physical activity throughout life. Reversibility
The fact that a sedentary person needs very little overload stimulus to bring about a training effect, while an accomplished body builder may need to lift relatively large amounts of weight to continue to see results is an example of the principle of __. Progressive Overload
The act of moving a joint so that the two bones forming it are brought closer together flexion
The act of straightening or extending a joint, usually applied to the muscular movement of a limb extension
Rotation of the foot to direct the plantar surface outward eversion
Movement of a limb away from the midline of the body abduction
Movement of the plantar surface of the foot away from the shin, as performed when standing on toes plantar flexion
Movement of a limb toward the midline of the body adduction
Movement of the foot up toward the shin dorsiflexion
Rotation of the foot to direct the plantar surface inward inversion
Name the 4 muscles of the quadriceps Rectus Femoris, Vastus Lateralis, Vastus Intermedius, Vastus Medialis
What are the primary joints actions of the quadriceps muscle group? Knee Extension and Hip Flexion
When a person is exercising in zone 2, talking is a little challenging, but still possible. - True/False True
Running a half-marathon primarily requires use of the glycolytic anaerobic system. - True/False False
The three zones are separated by each participant’s unique metabolic markers. - True/False True
When people work at moderate and low intensities for longer than a few minutes, they are using the aerobic system. - True/False True
Sprinting as fast as possible for just a few seconds requires use of the phosphagen system. - True/False True
GFIs can monitor participants’ intensity during class by simply asking questions and listening for responses. - True/False True
A person who is exercising below his or her first ventilatory threshold is able to talk comfortably. - True/False True
The second ventilatory threshold marks the high end of zone 3. - True/False False
Choosing exercises that target agonists and antagonists, as well as varying planes of motion, within a class is an example of _____. Programming
Maintaining neutral pelvic positon and spinal posture is an example of ____________. Neuromuscular
Teaching movement patterns that utilize both sides of a given movement, such as performing lunges to the right and left, helps ensure _______________. Training
Separates the body into anterior and posterior parts - frontal/sagittal/transverse plane Frontal Plane
Divides the body into superior and inferior parts - frontal/sagittal/transverse plane Transverse plane
The action of picking up a child and turning to place her in a car seat takes place in this plane - frontal/sagittal/transverse plane transverse plane
Supine Pilates exercises typically take place in this plane - frontal/sagittal/transverse plane sagittal plane
Dumbbell biceps curls take place in this plane - frontal/sagittal/transverse plane sagittal plane
Separates the body into right and left halves - frontal/sagittal/transverse plane sagittal plane
Forward and backward lunges take place in this plane - frontal/sagittal/transverse plane sagittal plane
Seated medicine ball trunk rotations take place in this plane - frontal/sagittal/transverse plane transverse plane
Lateral lunges take place in this plane - frontal/sagittal/transverse plane frontal plane
Inversion and eversion take place in this plane - frontal/sagittal/transverse plane frontal plane
Horizontal shoulder adduction and abduction take place in this plane - frontal/sagittal/transverse plane transverse plane
A grapevine takes place in this plane - frontal/sagittal/transverse plane frontal plane
What 4 muscles are responsible for hip extension? Gracilis, adductor magnus, adductor brevis+longus Rectus femoris, vastus lat+medialis+intermedius Glute med+mini, tensor fasciae latae, Sartorius Glute max, bic femoris, semitendinosus, semimembranosus Gluteus maximus, biceps femoris, semitendinosus, semimembranosus
Kyphosis (head-forward/rounded shoulder/pelvis tilt): An individual with this postural deviation should be encouraged to stretch the muscles of the chest. - True/False True
Kyphosis (head-forward/rounded shoulder/pelvis tilt): This illustration depicts exaggerated kyphosis posture. - True/False True
Kyphosis (head-forward/rounded shoulder/pelvis tilt): An individual with this postural deviation will likely need to strengthen the middle/lower trapezius and rhomboids - True/False True
Kyphosis (head-forward/rounded shoulder/pelvis tilt): An individual with this postural deviation must be referred to an appropriate medical professional. - True/False False
Stored in the body as triglycerides - Protein, Carbohydrate, or Fat Fat
Not a primary source of energy - Protein, Carbohydrate, or Fat Protein
Easy for the body to break down to provide quick energy - Protein, Carbohydrate, or Fat Carbohydrates
Stored in the body as glycogen - Protein, Carbohydrate, or Fat Carbohydrates
Provides a seemingly endless supply of stored energy - Protein, Carbohydrate, or Fat Fat
Name the 4 muscles of the hamstring Semitendinosus, Bicep Femoris (Long Head, Short Head), Semimembranosus
What are the primary joint actions of the hamstring muscle group? Knee flexion and hip extension
What is the primary action of the longissimus, spinalis, and iliocostalis muscles? Select one: Lateral flexion Spinal extension Rotation and lateral flexion Spinal flexion Spinal Extension
The building blocks of human structure Protein
The first warning sign that a GFI is likely to observe when a participant is working too vigorously is ______. poor form
The first response to seeing warning signs that a participant is exercising too vigorously is to ___________. intensity of exercise
Other warning signs that a participant is working too hard include labored breathing, excessive sweating, or ________. dizziness
More severe signs, such as chest pain or discomfort, heart palpitations, or _______________ indicate the need for immediate cessation of exercise and possibly the activation of the emergency medical system. musculoskeletal pain
The regular strong pulsation in music occurring in a continuous pattern at an even rhythm - Tempo, beat, accent, musical phrase, upbeat, measure, downbeat, meter downbeat
The deemphasized beat in a piece of music - Tempo, beat, accent, musical phrase, upbeat, measure, downbeat, meter upbeat
Emphasis on a given beat - Tempo, beat, accent, musical phrase, upbeat, measure, downbeat, meter accent
The organization of beats into musical patterns or measures - Tempo, beat, accent, musical phrase, upbeat, measure, downbeat, meter meter
The rate of speed of music, usually expressed as beats per minute - Tempo, beat, accent, musical phrase, upbeat, measure, downbeat, meter tempo
One group of beats in a musical composition marked by the regular occurrence of the heavy accent - Tempo, beat, accent, musical phrase, upbeat, measure, downbeat, meter measure
A short musical passage; used as a means of choreographing movement to a piece of music - Tempo, beat, accent, musical phrase, upbeat, measure, downbeat, meter musical phrase
Regular pulsations that have an even rhythm and occur in a continuous pattern of strong and weak pulsations - Tempo, beat, accent, musical phrase, upbeat, measure, downbeat, meter beats
Outdoor boot-camp class on a sunny summer afternoon. Which symptoms indicate heat stroke and needs transport to emergency room asap? Headache Hot, dry skin Paleness Labored breathing Weak, rapid pulse Nausea, dizziness, and general weakness Rapid, Hot, dry skin, Bright red skin color, Rapid, strong pulse, Labored breathing, Core temperature of 104.5⁰ F (40.3⁰ C)
Difficult to maintain hygienically - Hardwood flooring, grass, carpeting, concrete carpeting
Offers very little shock absorption - Hardwood flooring, grass, carpeting, concrete concrete
Can cause ankle sprains and knee injuries during lateral movements and pivoting - Hardwood flooring, grass, carpeting, concrete carpeting
Typically offers good shock absorption, but varies in terms of predictability and traction - Hardwood flooring, grass, carpeting, concrete grass
Allows for lateral movement and pivoting - Hardwood flooring, grass, carpeting, concrete hardwood flooring
Offers good traction for dynamic movements - Hardwood flooring, grass, carpeting, concrete hardwood flooring
The best option when working with participants with asthma or emphysema - Dyspnea scale, ratings of perceived exertion, talk test, target heart rate dyspnea scale
Assigns a numerical value to subjective feelings of exercise exertion - Dyspnea scale, ratings of perceived exertion, talk test, target heart rate ratings of perceived exertion
Especially useful for beginners who are learning to pace themselves - Dyspnea scale, ratings of perceived exertion, talk test, target heart rate talk test
Takes into account the individual’s metabolic responses to exercise - Dyspnea scale, ratings of perceived exertion, talk test, target heart rate talk test
Asking clients to gauge their feelings with words like “light,” “hard,” or “maximal” is another way to implement this method - Dyspnea scale, ratings of perceived exertion, talk test, target heart rate ratings of perceived exertion
Takes into account psychological, musculoskeletal, and environmental factors - Dyspnea scale, ratings of perceived exertion, talk test, target heart rate ratings of perceived exertion
Should be used when a participant is showing signs of difficulty breathing - Dyspnea scale, ratings of perceived exertion, talk test, target heart rate dyspnea scale
Subject to substantial error due to reliance on prediction equations - Dyspnea scale, ratings of perceived exertion, talk test, target heart rate target heart rate
Exercising in cold, standing water causes more rapid heat loss than performing the same exercise in cold water with a mild current. - True/False false
Convective heat loss and the rate of body cooling are accelerated by wind. - True/False true
Cold environments can cause an increase in blood pressure. - True/False true
It is important to wear a bottom layer that absorbs sweat when exercising in the cold. - True/False false
When is the BEST time during class to incorporate plyometric and heavy strength-training exercises? Beginning of the cond. segment, immed. after warm-up Last portion of the cond. segment Very beginning of cool-down, after which intensity is reduced A At the beginning of the conditioning segment, immediately after the warm-up
To help participants develop more effective movement patterns, GFIs should focus on establishing adequate mobility in the ankles, hips, thoracic spine, and shoulders. - True/False true
An engaging class experience starts with a dynamic warm-up. - True/False true
A warm-up is not essential when working with participants who are experienced in a particular modality. - True/False false
Ideally, the warm-up should last at least five to 10 minutes. - True/False true
The harder the conditioning phase of a class, the shorter the warm-up should be. - True/False false
To enhance hip mobility - cat/camel, glute bridge, standing diagonals, birddog glute bridge
To improve shoulder mobilit - cat/camel, glute bridge, standing diagonals, birddog standing diagonals
To promote thoracic spine mobility - cat/camel, glute bridge, standing diagonals, birddog cat/camel
To enhance stability of the lumbar spine - cat/camel, glute bridge, standing diagonals, birddog birddog
Lowering the hands to the hips, as opposed to reaching them overhead, during a movement is an example of regressing an exercise by adjusting _______________ lever length
An active cool-down helps remove ______________ from the muscles so that it can be metabolized by other tissues. metabolic waste
Self–myofascial release is MOST appropriate during the _________ component of a group fitness class. cool-down
Before designing the class plan, the GFI should establish the class ________________. objectives
In addition to noting any progressions and regressions for each move in the class plan, GFIs should write down the ( ______ and ______ ) ___________________ of each move. duration and purpose
___________ prepare participants mentally and physically for the challenges of the workout ahead. rehearsal moves
What is orthostatic hypotension? Lightheadedness by overtraining in hot and humid environment Increase in blood pressure by transitioning to high-intensity exercise too quickly, without warm-up Sharp drop in blood pressure by transitioning from supine A sharp drop in blood pressure often caused by transitioning from a supine or seated position to standing
The development of rapport is rooted in _________. Empathy
__________ commonly begin with the words “what,” “why,” and “how.” open-ended question
_________ can help keep the topic of the conversation focused and on track. summarizing
When communicating a message, 7% of the message is comprised of spoken words, 38% is related to tone of voice, and an astonishing 55% consists of ___________. body language
__________ is both a determinant of behavior as well as an outcome of behavior change. self-efficacy
GFIs are LEAST likely to encounter individuals in this stage in their group fitness classes. - maintenance, action, contemplation, pre-contemplation, preparation precontemplation
Many participants in a group fitness class will be in this stage of change. - maintenance, action, contemplation, pre-contemplation, preparation preparation
Providing opportunities to ask questions and to express apprehensions is an appropriate strategy when working with someone in this stage. - maintenance, action, contemplation, pre-contemplation, preparation contemplation
An individual who visits the fitness facility in order to gather information about the class schedule, without participating in the class, is likely in this stage of change. - maintenance, action, contemplation, pre-contemplation, preparation contemplation
People in this stage are sedentary, but are starting to consider activity as being important. - maintenance, action, contemplation, pre-contemplation, preparation contemplation
Providing information about the risks of being inactive and the benefits of being active is an appropriate strategy when working with someone in this stage. - maintenance, action, contemplation, pre-contemplation, preparation precontemplation
People in this stage have been regularly participating in physical activity for longer than six months. - maintenance, action, contemplation, pre-contemplation, preparation maintenance
Identifying early signs of staleness to prevent burnout is an appropriate strategy when working with someone in this stage. - maintenance, action, contemplation, pre-contemplation, preparation maintenance
People in this stage engage in regular physical activity, but have been doing so for less than six months. - maintenance, action, contemplation, pre-contemplation, preparation action
Reiterating the long-term benefits of adherence is an appropriate strategy when working with someone in this stage. - maintenance, action, contemplation, pre-contemplation, preparation action
People in this stage do not see activity as relevant in their lives. - maintenance, action, contemplation, pre-contemplation, preparation precontemplation
People in this stage are getting ready to adopt and live an active lifestyle. - maintenance, action, contemplation, pre-contemplation, preparation preparation
Assisting in identifying social support and establishing personal goals is an appropriate strategy when working with someone in this stage. - maintenance, action, contemplation, pre-contemplation, preparation preparation
An individual’s perception of his or her relative level of wellness and illness - motivation, adherance, empathy, social support, feedback, rapport, health perception health perception
Understanding what another person is experiencing from his or her perspective - motivation, adherance, empathy, social support, feedback, rapport, health perception empathy
The perceived comfort, caring, esteem, or help an individual receives from other people - motivation, adherance, empathy, social support, feedback, rapport, health perception social support
The psychological drive that gives purpose and direction to behavior - motivation, adherance, empathy, social support, feedback, rapport, health perception motivation
A relationship marked by mutual understanding and trust - motivation, adherance, empathy, social support, feedback, rapport, health perception rapport
Verbal or nonverbal information about current behavior that can be used to improve future performance - motivation, adherance, empathy, social support, feedback, rapport, health perception feedback
The extent to which people follow their program, plans or treatment recommendations - motivation, adherance, empathy, social support, feedback, rapport, health perception adherence
Define each element of SMART specific, measurable, attainable, relevant, time-bound
Which of the following participant arrangements is MOST appropriate for a small-group circuit-training class? Select one: Circle arrangement Horizontal line Stagger arrangement Parallel lines circle arrangement
Which of the following participant arrangements is MOST appropriate for a dance-based group fitness class? Select one: Parallel lines Stagger arrangement Horizontal line Circle arrangement stagger arrangement
Poor posture is often associated with some muscles being tight and others being weak. - True/False true
All older adults have limitations that require the GFI to offer regression options for movements and exercises. - True/False false
A pre-class evaluation should include identification of new class members. - True/False true
“Go this way” is an effective cue for verbal learners. - True/False false
A GFI should ask for permission before using physical touch during class. - True/False true
Telling a participant who is holding a plank position to “imagine you are balancing a bar along your spine” is an example of a cue best suited for kinesthetic learners. - True/False true
Aerobic Q-signs are best suited for visual learners. - True/False true
Tapping the top of one’s head to indicate “from the top” is an example of a cue best suited to kinesthetic learners. - True/False false
GFIs should avoid providing verbal cues during certain movements, including when performing push-ups. - True/False true
Verbal cues should be heard and understood immediately before movement becomes imminent. - True/False true
An instructor using this style makes all decisions about posture, rhythm, and duration. - self-check style of teaching, practice style of teaching, command style of teaching command style of teaching
Without proper planning, use of this style can result in a less than inclusive class experience for participants of varying ability levels. - self-check style of teaching, practice style of teaching, command style of teaching command style of teaching
Participants record their results and compare their performance against given criteria or past performances. - self-check style of teaching, practice style of teaching, command style of teaching self-check style of teaching
An advantage of this style is that it allows the GFI to walk around and interact with participants. - self-check style of teaching, practice style of teaching, command style of teaching practice style of teaching
The information displayed on the electronic consoles of equipment such as rowers and treadmills can be important when teaching using this style. - self-check style of teaching, practice style of teaching, command style of teaching self-check style of teaching
Teaching how to first perform walking lunges, then torso rotations with medicine ball before combining the two movements into a single exercise is an example of which teaching strategy? Slow-to-fast Part-to-whole Simple-to-complex Repetition-reduction part-to-whole
The ________ domain describes the brain’s ability to gather and retain information and knowledge. cognitive
The _______ domain refers to those activities requiring movement. psychomotor
The _______ domain describes emotional behaviors, beliefs, and attitudes. affective
During the ______ stage of learning, participants can perform the activity without following an instructor and can detect their own errors. autonomous
A group of participants who are able to grapevine back and forth with the music and concentrate on occasional cues from the GFI are in the ______ stage of learning. associative
During the ______ stage of learning, errors and imperfect form may be the norm. cognitive
GFIs should minimize the use of this teaching strategy for extended periods of time during the peak of the conditioning segment of class, as it may reduce exercise intensity. Part-to-whole Slow-to-fast Repetition-reduction Simple-to-complex slow-to-fast
This style has traditionally been the most commonly used in group fitness classes. - self-check style of teaching, practice style of teaching, command style of teaching command style of teaching
This style creates an environment of nurturing and support. - self-check style of teaching, practice style of teaching, command style of teaching practice style of teaching
This style relies on participants to provide their own feedback. - self-check style of teaching, practice style of teaching, command style of teaching self-check style of teaching
This style provides opportunities for individualization and one-on-one instructor feedback. - self-check style of teaching, practice style of teaching, command style of teaching practice style of teaching
How would a participant with a blood pressure of 136/92 mmHg be classified? Select one: Stage 1 hypertension Prehypertension Normal Stage 2 hypertension Stage 1 hypertension
Form of diabetes characterized by a reduced sensitivity of the insulin target cells to available insulin; usually associated with obesity - glucose, hypoclycemia, insulin, type 1 diabetes, hyperglycemia, type 2 diabetes Type 2 diabetes
A hormone released from the pancreas - glucose, hypoclycemia, insulin, type 1 diabetes, hyperglycemia, type 2 diabetes insulin
Form of diabetes caused by the destruction of the insulin-producing beta cells in the pancreas, which leads to little or no insulin secretion - glucose, hypoclycemia, insulin, type 1 diabetes, hyperglycemia, type 2 diabetes type 1 diabetes
An abnormally high content of glucose in the blood - glucose, hypoclycemia, insulin, type 1 diabetes, hyperglycemia, type 2 diabetes hyperglycemia
A simple sugar; the form in which all carbohydrates are used as the body’s principal energy source - glucose, hypoclycemia, insulin, type 1 diabetes, hyperglycemia, type 2 diabetes glucose
A deficiency of glucose in the blood commonly caused by too much insulin, too little glucose, or too much exercise - glucose, hypoclycemia, insulin, type 1 diabetes, hyperglycemia, type 2 diabetes hypoglycemia
Women are more flexible during pregnancy due to an increase in ___________ , a hormone that relaxes ligaments and soft tissues in preparation for childbirth. relaxin
After the first trimester, prolonged exercise in the __________ position should be discouraged because it may reduce blood to the fetus, depriving it of oxygen. supine
Over the course of gestation, the mother’s growing belly will move upward and out, displacing her ______________ and resulting in low-back discomfort and changes in balance and coordination. center of gravity
Pregnant women should choose a comfortable exercise intensity, such as a rating of perceived exertion range of _______ on the 6 to 20 scale. 9 to 13
Ingesting cold drinks is one of the steps for managing an asthma attack. - True/False false
People with well-controlled, managed asthma can engage in regular physical activity as outlined for the general population. - True/False true
Target heart rate is the best means of monitoring intensity in those with asthma. - True/False false
GFIs should encourage participants with asthma to skip the cool-down portion of class and instead sit and rest for at least 10 minutes. - True/False false
Which of the following joints is MOST commonly afflicted with osteoarthritis? Select one: Thoracic spine Cervical spine Knees Shoulders knees
Who has responsibility of determining if medical evaluation by physician is warranted prior to individual participating in group fitness based on health-related info provided on his pre-participation form? Physician Participant GFI Facility operator facility operator
Which of the following conditions can affect an individual’s ability to progress exercise intensity, and has symptoms that can be instigated by physical activity? Select one: Type 1 diabetes Hypertension Asthma Type 2 diabetes asthma
Hyperglycemia can result from low pre-exercise blood glucose levels, too much pre-exercise insulin, or not enough glucose consumption during physical activity. - True/False false
Confusion and headaches are among the early symptoms of an insulin reaction. - True/False true
Exercise is an essential component of treatment for persons with type 1 or type 2 diabetes. - True/False true
The first step in helping a participant who is having an insulin reaction is to stop the activity immediately. - True/False true
Members of this population should monitor their intensity using the dyspnea scale or ratings of perceived exertion. - Youth/Older adults older adults
High-velocity power training may help improve overall performance and quality of life for this population. - Youth/Older adults older adults
Members of this group sweat less than members of other age groups. - Youth/Older adults youth
Maximal heart rate in members of this population is much higher than in other age groups. - Youth/Older adults youth
Balance should be the foundational skill to all programming for this group. - Youth/Older adults older adults
Perform an extended warm-up and cool-down of at least 10 minutes each when working with members of this population. - Youth/Older adults older adults
A new participant provides a medical release form saying that he should avoid performing isometric exercises. What is the MOST likely reason for these exercise considerations? Select one: Type 2 diabetes Asthma Cardiovascular disease Type 1 diabetes cardiovascular disease
From the anterior view, the GFI should be able to see the participant’s knuckles. - True/False false
A patella that appears rotated inward or outward is an indication of a potential muscular imbalance or structural deviation of the hips and/or foot/ankle complex. - True/False true
The head should be suspended, with the ears in line with the shoulders, shoulders over hips, hips over knees, and knees over ankles. - True/False true
The feet should be shoulder-width apart with the weight evenly distributed. - True/False true
Hyperextended knees, which can be observed from the lateral view, can cause decreased blood flow to and from the legs. - True/False true
Participants should maintain a flat-back posture in order to avoid lumbar lordosis. - True/False false
_______________ involves stringing two exercises or movements together, such as, in cardio kickboxing, a right knee and left uppercut performed simultaneously. mending
Performing an additional movement between two exercises or movements to create a seamless transition is called ________. patching
Having participants perform single-leg curls immediately after a grapevine is an example of _______________. matching
Rhythm is defined as the _____________ of the movement. tempo
Preventing or managing injuries within the scope of practice of a GFI can be summarized by a few key concepts and guidelines. Limit motion and stretching to a _______ range and intensity. pain-free
Preventing or managing injuries within the scope of practice of a GFI can be summarized by a few key concepts and guidelines. Gradually increase the _____________ and volume of activity. intensity
Preventing or managing injuries within the scope of practice of a GFI can be summarized by a few key concepts and guidelines. Focus on technique and proper ___________. form
Preventing or managing injuries within the scope of practice of a GFI can be summarized by a few key concepts and guidelines. Avoid extreme _____________. range of motion
Preventing or managing injuries within the scope of practice of a GFI can be summarized by a few key concepts and guidelines. Repetitive movements, like cycling, can cause ________ of the soft tissues if the equipment is improperly fit to the exerciser. inflammation
Should a GFI activate the emergency medical services (EMS) when faced with each of the following cerebrovascular emergences? Concussion: Y/N yes
Should a GFI activate the emergency medical services (EMS) when faced with each of the following cerebrovascular emergences? Seizure: Y/N yes
Should a GFI activate the emergency medical services (EMS) when faced with each of the following cerebrovascular emergences? Stroke: Y/N yes
_________ is defined as pushing oneself past the point of volitional control or exceeding the limits of one’s abilities. overexertion
A ___________ is defined as a sensory indicator that a participant feels, such as dizziness or nausea. symptom
A ________ is defined as an objective, observable indicator, such as loss of coordination, blue lips, or heavy breathing. sign
Activating EMS should be reserved for ________ situations. life=threatening
An abrupt onset of injury or medical emergency presents immediate symptoms of distress and is categorized as a(n) _____ injury. acute
_________ injuries, illness, or medical conditions are ongoing. chronic
Plantar fasciitis: Acute or chronic injury chronic
Elbow tendinitis: Acute or chronic injury chronic
Hamstrings strain: Acute or chronic injury acute
Lateral ankle sprain: Acute or chronic injury acute
Contusion: Acute or chronic injury acute
Low-back pain: Acute or chronic injury chronic
Shin splints: Acute or chronic injury chronic
Compound fracture: Acute or chronic injury acute
Identify each element of the RICE acronym, which describes a safe early-intervention strategy for many acute injuries. rest, ice, compression, elevation
What are signs and symptoms of sprain? Swelling, pain, joint instability, immobility, poss discoloration Pain, local tenderness, poss discoloration, loss of strength+ROM Soft tissue hemorrhage, hematoma, restricted ROM Bony protrusion, bleeding, possi Swelling, pain, joint instability, immobility, and possible discoloration
Environmental emergencies with its signs and symptoms: Shivering, tingling, numbness in fingers and toes, and burning feeling in nose and ears - heat stroke, heat cramps, hypothermia, heat exhaustion Hypothermia
Environmental emergencies with its signs and symptoms: Weak, rapid pulse; low blood pressure; fatigue; headache; dizziness; weakness; cold, clammy skin; profuse sweating; dehydration; elevated core temperature - heat stroke, cramps, hypothermia, exhaustio Heat exhaustion
Environmental emergencies with its signs and symptoms: Painful cramps, loss of strength, thirst, and dehydration - heat stroke, heat cramps, hypothermia, heat exhaustion Heat cramps
Environmental emergencies with its signs and symptoms: Hot, dry skin; red skin color; rapid pulse; anxiety; irritability; dyspnea; dehydration; elevated core temperature (>104⁰ F/40⁰ C); syncope - heat stroke, heat cramps, hypothermia, heat exhaustion Heat stroke
What is the MOST obvious sign of exercise fatigue? Select one: Improper form Dizziness Nausea Loss of strength Improper form
For which of the following injuries is it essential to activate emergency medical services in ALL instances? Select one: Strain Compound fracture Contusion Sprain Compound fracture
Mark each of the following statements about activating emergency medical services (EMS): Accident reports can be discarded one year after the incident. - True/False false
Mark each of the following statements about activating emergency medical services (EMS): The GFI should collect the names, addresses, and phone numbers of any witnesses. - True/False true
Mark each of the following statements about activating emergency medical services (EMS): Treatment of injuries is within the GFI’s scope of practice during an emergency. - True/False false
Mark each of the following statements about activating emergency medical services (EMS): A GFI should try to diagnose the injury before sending someone to call EMS. - True/False false
Mark each of the following statements about activating emergency medical services (EMS): It is appropriate for a GFI to call in any emergency if he or she is unsure. - True/False true
Use of an informed consent form provides an additional measure of defense against lawsuits. - True/False true
Soliciting questions regarding a testing procedure or exercise programs and then providing unbiased answers to these inquiries is an important aspect of the pre-participation procedure. - True/False true
An agreement to participate is considered a formal contract between the instructor and participant. - True/False false
Having all participants sign a liability waiver prior to participation will release the instructor and fitness center from all liability associated with any resulting injuries. - True/False true
The only consideration when selecting continuing education should be the needs of the participants. - True/False false
Any course that teaches content within the GFI’s scope of practice is automatically ACE-approved. - True/False false
Ongoing education and training are both necessary and required for certified GFIs. - True/False true
GFIs should always refer participants who require services and guidance outside of their scope of practice to appropriate qualified fitness, medical, or health professionals. - True/False true
Attainment of a certification should be viewed as the foundation of verifying professional competence. - True/False true
The facility provides training to the instructor being hired. - employee or independent contractor. employee
The instructor is paid $500 for teaching a series of 10 boot-camp classes. - employee or independent contractor. independent contractor
The instructor teaches classes that are considered integral to the business. - employee or independent contractor. employee
The instructor teaches classes at multiple facilities each week. - employee or independent contractor. independent contractor
The instructor brings agility ladders and cones to a business to provide lunchtime workouts. - employee or independent contractor. independent contractor
All GFIs should secure _______________ that is specifically designed to cover work within the health and fitness industry. Select one: An umbrella liability policy Professional liability insurance A rider A blanket license Professional liability insurance
A GFI should secure express, written consent from a participant before sharing stories of the participant’s weight-loss success with the rest of the class. - True/False true
A fitness facility can legally advertise its dance-based fitness classes as “Zumba-like,” even if its instructors have not completed a Zumba instructor training course. - True/False false
Professional liability insurance will usually not cover an instructor for copyright infringement claims. - True/False true
Before leading any outdoor or public-space classes, a GFI should consult with his or her insurance policies to ensure such activities are covered. - True/False true
An instructor who creates a playlist of legally downloaded songs and then uses that music in a for-profit exercise class is acting in accordance with copyright law. - True/False false
A person who works for another person in exchange for financial compensation; complies with the instructions of his or her employer and reports to the employer on a regular basis employee
Specific addition to a standard insurance policy rider
A person who conducts business on his or her own on a contract basis independent contractor
Signed document that indicates that the participant is aware of inherent risks and potential injuries that can occur from participation agreement to participate
Appropriateness of an exercise professional’s actions in light of current professional standards and based on the age, condition, and knowledge of the participant standard of care
The exclusive right, for a certain number of years, to perform, make and distribute copies, and otherwise use an artistic, musical or literary work copyright
Failure of a person to perform as a reasonable and prudent professional would perform under similar circumstances negligence
A binding agreement between two or more persons that is enforceable by law composed of an offer, acceptance, and consideration contract
Voluntary abandonment of a right to file suit; not always legally binding waiver
A written statement signed by a participant prior to participating in a program or testing that informs him or her of testing purposes, processes, and all potential risks and discomforts informed consent
Legal responsibility liability
Created by: Logistic1180