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Med Term Rice Ch14

Medical Terminology Jane Rice Chapter 14 VOC

TermDefinition
akinesia Loss or lack of voluntary motion
amnesia Condition in which there is loss or lack of memory.
analgesia Condition in which there is a lack of the sensation of pain.
anencephaly Congenital condition in which there is a lack of development of the brain.
anesthesia Loss of lack of the sense of feeling; Pharmacologically induced reversible state of amnesia, analgesia, loss of responsiveness etc. *
anesthesiologist Physician who specializes in the science of anesthesia.
aphagia Loss or lack of the ability to eat or swallow.
aphasia Loss or lack of the ability to speak. **
asthenia Loss or lack of strength.
astrocytoma A primary umor of the brain composed of astrocytes. (star-shaped neuroglial cells)
ataxia Loss or lack of order; neurological sign and symptom consisting of lack of coordination of muscle movements.
bradykinesia Abnormal slowness of motion.
cephalalgia Head pain; Headache.
cerebrospinal Pertaining to the cerebrum and the spinal cord.
concussion Head injury with a transient loss of brain function.
craniectomy Surgical excision of a portion of the skull.
craniotomy Surgical incision into the skull. *
dementia Group of symptoms marked by memory loss and other cognitive functions such as perception.thinking. reasoning. and remembering.
diskectomy Surgical excision of an intervertebral disk.
dyslexia Condition in which an individual has difficulty in reading and comprehending written language.
dysphasia Impairment of speech that may be caused by a brain lesion.
electroencephalograph Medical instrument used to record the electrical activity of the brain.
electromyography Process of recording the contraction of a skeletal muscle as a result of electrical stimulation.
encephalitis Inflammation of the brain.*
encephalopathy Any pathological dysfunction of the brain.
epidural Pertaining to situated on the dura mater; often used to refer to a form of regional anesthesia involving injection of medication via a catheter into the epidural space.
epilepsy A neurological disorder involving repeated seizures of any type.
ganglionectomy Surgical excision of a ganglion ( a mass of nerve tissue outside the brain and spinal cord)
glioma Tumor composed of neuroglial tissue.
hemiparesis Weakness on one side of the body that can be caused by a stroke, cerebral palsy, brain tumor, etc...*
hemiplegia Paralysis of one half of the body when it is divided along the median sagittal plan.
herpes zoster Viral disease characterized by painful vesicular eruptions along the segment of the spinal or cranial nerves; Shingles!!
hydrocephalus Condition in which there is an increased amount of cerebrospinal fluid within the brain.
hyperesthesia Increased feelings of sensory stimuli, such as pain, touch or sound.
hypnosis Artificially induced trancelike state resembling somnambulism.
intracranial Pertaining to within the skull.
laminectomy Surgical excision of the vertebral posterior arch.
lobotomy Surgical incision into the prefrontal or frontal lobe of the brain.
meningioma Tumor of the meninges that originates in the arachnoidal tissue.
meningitis Inflammation of the meninges of the spinal cord or brain.
meningocele Congenital hernia in which the meninges protrude through a defect in the skull or spinal column.
meningomyelocele Congenital herniation of the spinal cord and meninges through a defect in the vertebral column.
microcephalus Abnormally small head.
myelitis Inflammation of the spinal cord.
narcolepsy Chronic condition with recurrent attacks of uncontrollable drowsiness and sleep.
neuralgia Pain in a nerve or nerves.
neurasthenia Pathological condition characterized by weakness, exhaustion, and prostration that often accompanies severe depression.
neuritis Inflammation of a nerve.
neuroblastoma Malignant tumor composed of cells resembling neuroblasts; occurs mostly in infants and children.
neurocyte Nerve cell, neuron.
neurofibroma Fibrous connective tissue tumor of a nerve cell.
neuroglia Supporting or connective tissue cells of the central nervous system.
neurology The study of the nervous system.
neuropathy Any pathological nervous tissue disease
papilledema Swelling of the optical disk, usually caused by increased intracranial pressure.
paraplegia Paralysis of the lower part of the body and of both legs.
paresthesia Abnormal sensation, feeling of numbness, prickling or tingling.
polyneuritis Inflammation involving many nerves.
quadriplegia Paralysis of all four extremities and usually the trunk due to injury to the spinal cord in the cervical spine.
somnambulism Condition of sleepwalking.
subdural Pertaining to below the dura mater.
ventriculometry Measurement of intracranial pressure.
Created by: msmithart