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Med Term Rice Ch13

Medical Terminology Jane Rice Chapter 13 VOC

TermDefinition
acidosis Condition of excessive acidity of body fluids.
acromegaly Characterized by marked enlargement and elongation of the bones of the face, jaw, and extremities.
adenectomy Surgical excision of a gland.
adenoma Tumor of a gland.
adenosis Any disease condition of a gland.
adrenal Pertaining to the adrenal glands.
adrenalectomy Surgical excision of an adrenal gland.
adrenopathy Any disease of the adrenal gland.
androgen Hormones that produce or stimulate the development of male characteristics.
cortisone Glucocorticoid (Steroid) hormone secreted by the adrenal cortex. Anti-inflammatory agent.
cretinism Congenital condition caused by deficiency in secretion of the thyroid hormones and characterized by arrested physical and mental developement.
Cushing's disease Results from hypersecretion of cortisol.
diabetes General term used to describe diseases characterized by excessive discharge of urine.
dwarfism Condition of being abnormally small.
endocrine Ductless glands that produce internal secretions (hormones) directly into the bloodstream.
epinephrine Hormone produced by the adrenal medulla; used as a vasoconstrictor and cardiac stimulant.
estrogen Hormones produced by the ovaries.
euthyroid Normal activity of the thyroid gland.
exocrine Pertains to a type of gland that secretes into ducts (duct glands)
exophthalmic Pertaining to an abnormal condition characterized by a marked protrusion of the eyeballs. *
galactorrhea Excessive secretion of milk after cessation of nursing.
glandular Pertaining to a gland.
hirsutism Abnormal condition characterized by excessive growth of hair, especially in women.
hydrocortisone Glucocorticoid (Steroid) hormone secreted by the adrenal cortex. Anti-inflammatory agent.
hyperinsulinism Condition of excessive amounts of insulin in the blood, causing low blood sugar.
hyperkalemia Condition of excessive amounts of potassium in the blood.
hyperthyroidism Excessive secretion of thyroid hormone. *
hypophysis Literally means any undergrowth; also called the pituitary gland.
hypothyroidism Pathological condition in which the thyroid gland produces inadequate amounts of thyroid hormone.
insulin Hormone produced by the beta cells of the islets of Langerhans or the pancreas. *
insulinogenic Formation or production of insulin.
lethargic Pertaining to drowsiness, sluggish
myxedema Condition of mucus swelling. Most severe form of hypothyroidism. *
pancreatic Pertaining to the pancreas
pituitarism Any condition of the pituitary gland.
pituitary Pertaining to the pituitary gland, the hypophysis.
progeria Pathological condition of premature old age occurring in childhood.
progesterone Hormone produced by the corpus luteum of the ovary, the adrenal cortex, or the placenta.
somatotropin Growth-stimulating hormone produced by the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland.
testosterone Hormone produced by the testes.
thymectomy Surgical excision of the thymus gland.
thymitis Inflammation of the thymus gland.
thyroid Endocrine gland located in the neck.
thyroiditis Inflammation of the thyroid gland.
thyrotoxicosis A poisonous condition of the thyroid gland; Condition caused by an acute oversecretion of thyroid hormones.
virilism Condition in which secondary male characteristics are produced in a female.
addison disease Results from a deficiency in the secretion of adrenocortical hormones; also called adrenal insufficiency. The most common cause of this condition if the result of the body attaching itself (autoimmune disease).
diabetes mellitus DM Group of metabolic diseases characterized by hyperglycemia resulting from defects in insulin production, insulin secretion, or both. There are 3 major types type 1, and 2 and gestational diabetes. DM is the 7th highest cause of death in the US,
endrocrinologist Physicians who specializes in the study of the endocrine system.
endocrinology Study of the endocrine system
gigantism Pathological condition of being abnormal large
gluccorticoid General classification of the adrenal cortical hormones; cortisol (hydrocortisone) and corticosterone.
hypergonadism Condition of excessive secretion of the sex glands
hypogonadism Condition caused by deficient internal secretion of the gonads
hypoparathyroidism Deficient internal secretion of the parathyroid glands.
Iodine Trace mineral that aids in the development and functioning of the thyroid gland.
norepinephrine Hormone produced by the adrenal medulla; used as a vasoconstrictor of peripheral blood vessels in acute hypotensive states.
parathyroid glands Endocrine gland located beside the thyroid gland.
pineal Endocrine gland shaped like a small pine cone.
simmonds disease Pathological condition in which complete atrophy of the pituitary gland causes loss of function of the thyroid, adrenals, and gonads; symptoms include premature aging, hair loss, and cachexia: also called panhypopitutarism
Steroids Group of chemical substances that includes hormones, vitamins, sterols, cardiac glycosides, and certain drugs.
thyroidectomy Surgical excision of the thyroid gland.
throxine (T4) Hormone produced by the thyroid gland; important in growth and development and regulation of the body's metabolic rate and metabolism of carbohydrates, fats, and proteins.
vasopressin (VP) Hormone produced by the hypothalamus and stored in the posterior lobe of the pituitary gland; also called antiduretic hormone (ADH) Hyposecretion of theis hormona can cause Diabetes Insipidus (DI)
Created by: msmithart