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Med Term Rice Ch10 V

Medical Terminology Jane Rice Chapter 10 Voc

TermDefinition
agglutination Process of clumping together
allergy An individual hypersensitivity to a substance that is usually harmless.
anaphylaxis Unusual or exaggerated allergic reaction to foreign proteins or other substances.
anemia A lack of red blood cells.
anisocytosis Condition in which the erythrocytes are unequal in size and shape.
antibody Protein substance produced in the body in response to an invading foreign substance. (antigen)
anticoagulant Substance that works against the formation of blood clots.
antigen Invading foreign substance that induces the formation of antibodies.
autotransfusion Process of reinfusing a patient's own blood.
coagulable Capable of forming a clot
erythroblast Immature red blood cell that is found only in bone marrow and still contains a nucleus.
erythrocyte Mature red blood cell that does not contain a nucleus.
erythropoiesis Formation of red blood cells.
extravasation Process by which fluids or medications (IV) escape from the blood vessel into surrounding tissue.
fibrinogen Blood protein converted to fibrin by the action of thrombin in the blood-clotting process.
globulin Plasma protein found in body fluids and cells.
hematocrit Blood test that separates solids from plasma in the blood by centrifuging the blood sample.
hematology The study of blood.
hematoma Collection of blood that has escaped from the blood vessel into the surrounding tissues.
hemoglobin Blood protein
hemolysis Destruction of red blood cells
hemophilia Hereditary blood disease characterized by prolonged coagulation and tendency to bleed.
hemorrhage Bursting forth of blood. Bleeding
hemostasis Control or stopping of bleeding
hyperglycemia Pathological condition of excessive amounts of sugar in the blood.
hyperlipidemia Pathological condition of excessive amounts of lipids (fat) in the blood.
hypoglycemia Condition of deficient amounts of sugar in the blood. Low blood sugar.
hypoxia Deficient amount of oxygen in the blood, cells, and tissues; also known as anoxia and hypoxemia.
leukapheresis Separation of the white blood cells from the blood, which are then transfused back into the patient.
leukemia Disease of the blood characterized by over production of leukocytes. *
leukocyte White blood cell.
leukocytopenia Lack of white blood cells
lymphadenotomy Incision into a lymph gland.
lymphangitis Inflammation of lymphatic vessels.
lymphedema Abnormal accumulation of lymph in the interstitial spaces.
lymphoma Lymphoid neoplasm, usually malignant.
lymphostasis Control or stopping of the flow of lymph.
mononucleosis Condition of excessive amounts of mononuclear leukocytes in the blood.
phagocytosis Engulfing and eating of particulate substances such as bacteria, protozoa, cells and cell debris, dust particles and colloids by phagocytes.
polycythemia Increased number of red blood cells.
prothrombin Chemical substance that interacts with calcium salts to produce thrombin.
septicemia Pathological condition in which bacteria are present in the blood.
serum Blood serum is the clear, thin, and sticky fluid part of the blood that remains after blood clots.
splenomegaly Abnormal enlargement of the spleen.
thrombectomy Surgical excision of a blood clot.
thrombocyte Clotting cell; a blood platelet.
thrombosis Formation, development, or existence of a blood clot within the vascular system.
tonsillectomy Surgical excision of the tonsil.
transfusion Process by which blood is transferred from one individual to the vein of another.
vasculitis Inflammation of a lymph or blood vessel.
Created by: msmithart