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Med Term Rice Ch9 Vo

Medical Terminology Jane Rice Chapter 9 Voc

anastomosis Surgical connection between blood vessels or the joining of one hollow or tubular organ to another.
angiocardiography Video x-ray used to follow the passage of blood through the heart and great vessels after an intravenous injection of a radiopaque contrast substance.
angiogram X-ray record of the size, shape, and location of the heart and its blood vessels after the introduction of a radiopaque contrast medium.
angioplasty Surgical repair of a blood vessel or a nonsurgical technique for treating diseased arteries by temporarily inflating a tiny balloon inside an artery.
angiostenosis Pathological condition of the narrowing of a blood vessel.
arrhythmia Irregularity of loss of rhythm of the heartbeat; also called dysrhythmia.
arterial Pertaining to an artery
arteriosclerosis Pathological condition of hardening of arteries.
arteritis Inflammation of an artery.
atherosclerosis Pathological condition of the arteries characterized by the buildup of fatty substances and hardening of the walls.
atrioventricular (AV) Pertaining to the atrium and ventricle.
ausculation Method of physical assessment using a stethoscope to listen to sounds within the chest, abdomen and other parts of the body.
bicuspid Valve with two cusps; Pertaining to the Mitral Valve.
bradycardia Abnormally slow heartbeat defined as less than 60 beats per minute.
cardiac Pertaining to the heart
cardiologist Physician who specializes in the study of the heart.
cardiology Study of the heart
cardiomyopathy Disease of the heart muscle that leads to deterioration of the muscle and its pumping ability.
cardiopulmonary Pertaining to the heart and lungs.
cardiovascular (CV) Pertaining to the heart and the small blood vessels.
cholesterol A normal soft waxy substance found among the lipids in the bloodstream and all body cells. It is the building block of steroid hormones, but is dangerous when it builds up on arterial walls.
circulation The moving of the blood in the veins and arteries throughout the body.
constriction Process of drawing together, as in the narrowing of a vessel.
cyanosis Abnormal condition of the skin and mucous membranes caused by oxygen deficiency in the blood.
dysrhythmia Abnormality of the rhythm or rate of the heartbeat.
echocardiography (ECHO) Noninvasive ultrasound used to evaluate the heart for valvular or structural defects and coronary artery disease.
electrocardiograph (ECG, EKG) Medical diagnostic device used for recording the electrical impulses of the heart muscle.
embolism Pathological condition caused by obstruction of a blood vessel by foreign substances or a blood clot.
endarterectomy Surgical excision of the inner portion of an artery.
endocarditis Inflammation of the endocardium (inner lining of the heart).
endocardium Inner lining of the heart.
hyperlipidemia Abnormal high levels of lipids (fatty substances) in the blood.
hypertension High blood pressure.
hypotension Low blood pressure.
infarction Process of development of an infarct, which is death of tissue resulting from obstruction of blood flow.
ischemia Condition in which there is a lack of oxygen due to decreased blood supply to a part of the body.
myocardial Pertaining to the heart muscle.
myocardial infarction (MI) Occurs when a focal area of heart muscle dies or is permanently damaged because of an inadequate supply of oxygen. "Heart Attack"
occlusion A blockage in a vessel, canal, or passage of the body.
palpitation An abnormal rapid throbbing or fluttering of the heart that is perceptible to the patient and may be felt by the physician.
pericardial Pertaining to the pericardium, the sac surrounding the heart.
pericardiocentesis Surgical procedure to remove fluid from the pericardial sac for therapeutic or diagnostic purposes.
pericarditis Inflammation of the pericardium.
phlebitis Inflammation of a vein.
septum Wall or partition that divides or separates a body space or cavity.
sphygmomanometer Medical instrument used to measure the arterial blood pressure.
tachycardia Rapid heartbeat that is over 100 beats per minute.
thrombophlebitis Inflammation of a vein associated with the formation of a thrombus (blood clot).
thrombosis A blood clot within the vascular system; a stationary blood clot.
tricuspid Valve with three cusps; pertaining to the tricuspid valve.
valvuloplasty Surgical repair of a cardiac valve.
vasodilator Medicine that acts directly on smooth muscle cells within blood vessels to make them widen (dilate).
venipuncture Puncture of a vein for the removal of blood for analysis.
ventricular Pertaining to a cardiac ventricle.
Created by: msmithart