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Med Term Rice Ch8 Vo

Medical Terminology Jane Rice Chapter 8 Voc

TermDefinition
absorbtion Process by which nutrient material is transferred from the gastrointestinal tract to the bloodstream.
amylase Enzyme that breaks down starch.
anabolism Building up of the body substance in the constructive phase of metabolism.
anorexia Lack of appetite; decreased desire for food.
appendectomy Surgical excision of the appendix.
appendicitis Inflammation of the appendix.
biliary Pertaining to bile and the gallbladder.
buccal Pertaining to the cheek.
catabolism A casting down; in metabolism a breaking of complex substances into more basic elements.
celiac Pertaining to the abdomen.
cheilosis Abnormal condition of the lip as seen in riboflavin and other B complex deficiencies.
cholecystectomy Surgical excision of the gallbladder.
cholecystitis Inflammation of the gallbladder.
choledochotomy Surgical incision of the common bile duct.
cirrhosis Chronic degenerative liver disease characterized by changes in the lobes.
colectomy Surgical excision of part of the colon.
colonic Pertaining to the colon.
colonoscope Thin, lighted, flexible instrument that is used to view the interior of the colon during a colonoscopy.
colonoscopy Visual examination of the colon .
colostomy Creation of a new opening into the colon.
defecation Evacuation of the bowel.
dentalgia Pain in a tooth.
diarrhea Frequent passage of unformed watery stools.
diverticulitis Inflammation of the diverticula in the colon.
duodenal Pertaining to the duodenum; the first part of the small intestine.
dyspepsia Difficulty in digestion; indigestion.
dysphagia Difficulty in swallowing.
emesis Vomiting.
enteric Pertaining to the small intestine.
enteritis Inflammation of the small intestine.
epigastric Pertaining to the region above the stomach.
esophageal Pertaining to the esophagus.
gastrectomy Surgical excision of a part of or the whole stomach.
gastric Pertaining to the stomach.
gastroenterology The study of the stomach and the intestines.
gastroesophageal Pertaining to the stomach and the esophagus.
gingivitis Inflammation of the gums.
glossotomy Surgical incision into the tongue.
hematemesis Vomiting blood.
hepatitis Inflammation of the liver.
hepatoma Tumor of the liver.
herniorrhaphy Surgical repair of a hernia.
hyperemesis Excessive vomiting.
hypogastric Pertaining to below the stomach.
ileitis Inflammation of the ileum.
ileostomy Surgical creation of a new opening through the abdominal wall into the ileum.
labial Pertaining to the lip.
laparotomy Surgical incision into the abdomen.
lingual Pertaining to the tongue.
lipolysis Break down of fat.
malabsorption An inadequate absorption of nutrients from the intestinal tract.
mastication Chewing; the physical breaking up of food and mixing with saliva in the mouth.
pancreatitis Inflammation of the pancreas.
peptic Pertaining to gastric digestion.
periodontal Pertaining to the area around the tooth.
pharyngeal Pertaining to the pharynx.
postprandial Pertaining to after a meal.
proctologist Physician who specializes in the study of the anus and the rectum.
pyloric Pertaining to the opening between the stomach and the duodenum.
sigmoidoscope An instrument used in a medical procedure to view the interior of the sigmoid colon.
splenomegaly Enlargement of the spleen.
stomatitis Inflammation of the mouth.
sublingual Pertaining to below the tongue.
vermiform Shaped like a worm; vermiform appendix.
Created by: msmithart