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health flashcards

TermDefinition
drug any substance that alters the body's function either physically or psychologically
medicine a drug that is used for treatment or prevention of disease
addiction a condition of being dependent to a particular substance
physical dependence using a substance to make the body functions work properly
psychological dependence using a substance to be emotionally functional
withdrawl negative impact on body and/or brain when not taking a drug
tolerance taking more and more of a drug
drug interaction a combination of two drugs at a time
synergistic drugs interact that they enhance effects of that drug
antagonistic reduce cell responses while using a drug
drug use using drugs correctly for medical purposes
drug misuse using drugs incorrectly
drug abuse using drugs for no medical reason
stimulants speeds up body the CNS, heart rate, breathing rate, blood pressure, and is both psychologically and physically addicting
club drugs a drug that is unpredictable to what it will do to the user, but it is both psychologically and physically addicting
anabolic steroids a drug used to increase muscle size and to increase strength of muscle fiber, is also psy/phy addicting
inhalants chemical vapors that replace oxygen and can either be a stimulant or depressant, it is psychologically addicting
hallucinogens overloads the brain with sensory information causing distorted sense of reality, is psychologically addicting
depressants drug that slows down CNS, reactions, and treat certain body problems, psy/phy addicting
marijuana drug that changes the way information reaches the brain, hallucinogen, it can either be a depressant or stimulant.
synthetic caninabinoids drugs that repress neurotransmitter release in the brain and are researched in a lab to make it
prescription drugs drugs that can only be sold with a doctor's note
over the counter (OTC) drugs drugs that are sold freely without a doctor's note
analgesic any drug that is used to relieve pain
narcotics any drug that changes body functions illegally sold
zero tolerance law applies to a person under age 21 who operates a motor vehicle with a blood alcohol concentration (BAC) of .02% or more but not more than .07%
reverse tolerance the phenomenon of a reversal of the side-effects from a drug
intoxication A disturbance in behavior or mental function during or after alcohol consumption
BAC/BAL the amount of alcohol in a person's blood
fetal alcohol syndrome excessive consumption of alcohol by the mother during pregnancy
FDA the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) sets up standards for food and drugs to see if they are safe
metabolism the chemical processes that occur within a living organism in order to maintain life
second hand smoke the smoker puffing out smoke and also the smoke from tobacco going towards another person
sidestream smoke smoke that is going into the air from the cigarette itself
mainstream smoke smoke that is going into the air from the smoker
emphysema a condition in which the air sacs of the lungs are damaged and enlarged, causing breathlessness
bronchitis inflammation of the mucous membrane in the bronchial tubes. It typically causes bronchospasm and coughing
cirrhosis a chronic disease of the liver marked by degeneration of cells, inflammation, and fibrous thickening of tissue. It is typically a result of alcoholism or hepatitis
smokeless tobacco tobacco that is chewed or sniffed rather than smoked
carbon monoxide a colorless, odorless toxic flammable gas formed by incomplete combustion of carbon.
Created by: vinnyb