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Unit 3 health vocab

TermDefinition
Cells the basic building blocks of life.
Tissue groups of similar cells that do the same kind of work
Organs structures made up of different types of tissues that all work together.
Skeletal System a body system consisting of bones and the tissues connecting them
Muscular System made up of all the muscles in your body
Digestive System The body system that controls digestion of food.
Excretory System gets rid of the wastes your body produces and also maintains fluid balance.
Circulatory System allows the body to move blood to and from tissues
Respiratory System enables you to breathe; transports oxygen and carbon dioxide into and out of the body
Nervous System the control center and communication system of the body
Disease a condition that affects the proper functioning of the body or mind
Communicable Disease diseases that can be spread
Non-communicable Disease diseases that do not spread, such as cancer and diabetes
Pathogen a microscopic organism that causes communicable disease
Contagious when one can spread a virus to others by direct or indirect contact
Vaccine medicine that protect you from getting certain diseases
Medicines drugs used to treat, cure or prevent disease
Prescription Medicines medicines sold only with a written order from a doctor.
Over-the-counter Medicines medicines available without a written order from a doctor.
Antibiotic medicine that kills or stops the growth of bacteria and other specific germs
Side Effect any reaction to a medicine other than the one intended
Tolerance the body becomes used to the medicine and it longer has the same effect
Nicotine a drug that speeds up the heartbeat and affects the central nervous system
Carbon Monoxide poisonous, odorless gas produced when tobacco burns
Tar thick, oily, dark liquid that forms when tobacco burns
Emphysema a disease that occurs when the tiny air sacs in the lungs lose their elasticity, or ability to stretch
Alcohol a substance produced by a chemical reaction in carbohydrates
Depressant a drug that slows down the brain and body functions
Cirrhosis destruction and scarring of the liver tissue
Inhalants substances whose fumes or vapors are inhaled, or breathed in
Marijuana an illegal drug that comes from the hemp plant; also known as pot or weed
Stimulants drugs that speed up the body’s functions
Narcotics strong drugs that relieve pain; prescription drugs that are abused
Hallucinogens illegal drugs that cause the user’s brain to create or distort images and to see and hear things that are not real
Created by: Cbryant001