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lateral away from the midline
distal away form the trunk or the midline
inferior below or away from the head
posterior toward the back of the body
dorsal on the back of the body
medial closer to the midline of the body
proximal closer to the trunk or midline
sacroiliac joint this joint lies next to the spine, below the lumbar spine & above the coccyx. It connects the sacrum with the pelvis.
superior above or toward the head
anterior toward the front of the body
ventral on the front of the body
superficial toward the skin
inversions strengthen the primary shoulder stabilizer, the rotator cuff, & the secondary stabilizers, the triceps and the biceps.
pelvic girdle iliac bones, sacroiliac joint, femur (thigh bone), & hip joint
shoulder girdle scapula (shoulder blade), scapulothoracic joint, clavicle, sternoclavicular & acromioclavicular joints, humerus (upper arm bones), & glenohumeral joint.
2 trhings the right side of the brain controls running the left half of the body, controls creativity & intuition
2 things the left side of the brain controls running the right side of the body, speech & rational thought
the limbic system controls the hypothalamus, which in turn controls the hormonal levels & the regulation of the autonomic nervous system functions (heart rate, blood pressure, breathing, etc).
the limbic system is located in the lower section of the brain
coronal plane divides the body into front and back. movements along this plane are called adduction and abduction.
adduction moves the extremity toward the midline
abduction moves the extremity away form the midline
sagittal plane divides the body into right and left. movements along this plane are called flexion and extension.
flexion usually moves the extremity forward, except the knee, where it moves backwards.
extension moves the extremity backward
transverse plane divides the body into upper and lower halves. movement along this plane is called rotation.
2 types of rotation medial or internal rotation (toward the midline), lateral or external rotation (away from the midline)
Created by: KellyClark