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Fitness Components

Health and Skill-related Components of Fitness

TermDefinition
aerobic describes physical activities that can be done for continuously for 20+ minutes in a target heart rate zone
agility ability to change direction quickly while maintaining balance
balance the ability to maintain one's equilibrium while being still or moving
cardio-respiratory endurance ability of the heart and lungs to distribute nutrients and oxygen during prolonged exercise
cool down a series of exercises, movements or activities that help the body recover after vigorous activity; help to increase flexibility and limit muscle cramping
coordination ability of two or more body parts to work together at the same time
FITT Principle a set of guidelines to use when setting up a training program
flexibility full range of motion at a joint
frequency how often a person exercises per week
health-related components of fitness flexibility, cardio-respiratory endurance, muscular strength, muscular endurance and body composition
intensity how hard one works while exercising
muscular endurance ability to work muscles for a long period of time without tiring
muscular strength the amount of force a muscle can exert for a short period of time
power a combination of strength and speed
reaction time amount of time it takes to react (move) in response to a stimuli
resting heart rate the number of times that your heart beats per minute (bpm) while at rest; 60 - 80 bpm is normal
spatial awareness knowing where one is in relationship to objects, people or things in one's environment
speed ability to cover distance or perform a movement quickly
target heart rate zone the upper and lower limits the heart should be beating during exercise / activity in order to strengthen the heart; 145 - 185 bpm for most teens
time how long one exercises or plays an activity
type what exercise or activity one is performing
warm up a series of exercises, stretches or activities that prepare the body for more vigorous exercise/activity; lessens chance of injury
Created by: cathypatzner