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The Health of Youth

Health and Human Development - Chapter 2

Health A complete state of physical, social and mental wellbeing, and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity.
Wellbeing The state of being healthy, happy and contended, usually determined through self-assessment.
Physical Dimension of Health Relates to the efficient functioning of the body and it's systems, and includes the physical capacity to perform tasks and physical fitness.
Social Dimension of Health Being able to interact with others and participate in the community in both an independent and cooperative way.
Mental Health State of wellbeing in which the individual realises his or her own abilities, can cope with the normal stresses of life, can work productively and fruitfully and is able to make a contribution to his or her community.
Homeostasis The property within a living organism that regulates it's internal and external environment to maintain stability and constancy.
Health Status An individual's or population's overall level of health, taking into account various factors such as life expectancy, amount of disability and levels of disease risk factors.
Life Expectancy An indication of how long a person can expect to live. It is the number of years of life remaining to a particular age if death rates do not change.
Morality The number of deaths caused by a particular disease, illness or other environmental factor.
Morbidity Refers to ill-health in an individual and the levels of ill-health in a population or group.
Trends A long-term general movement or change in frequency, usually either upwards or downwards, i.e. an upward trend in a disease or unhealthy behaviour means that it is becoming more frequent.
Incidence The number or rate of new cases of particular condition during a specific time.
Prevalence The number or proportion of cases of a particular disease or condition present in a population at a given time.
Disability Adjusted Life Years (DALYs) A measure of the burden of disease, one DALY equals one year of healthy life lost due to premature death and time lied with illness, disease or injury.
Burden of Disease - Burden of disease is measured in a unit called the DALY. A measure of the impact of diseases and injuries, specifically it measures the gap between current health status and an ideal situation where everyone lives to an old age free of disease and disability.
Long-term Conditions Diseases or health problems that have lasted or are expected to last 6 months or more.
Conduct Disorder A psychological disorder diagnosed in childhood that presents itself through a repetitive a persistent pattern of behaviour in which the basic rights of others or major age-appropriate behavioural expectations are violated.
Psychological Distress Refers to an individual's overall level of psychological strain or pain, when the individual experiences a psychological state such as depression, anxiety and anger.
Chronic Condition An ongoing physical or mental condition that causes impairment or functional limitations.
Disability Refers to the way individuals function in the community, measured in terms of impairments and activity limitations for everyday activities.
Created by: buskir112