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Infection Control P2

Infection Control Part 2

TermDefinition
Epidemic occurs when the communicable disease spreads rapidly from person to person and affects a large number of people at the same time.
Pandemic exists when the outbreak of a disease occurs over a wide geographic area and affects a high proportion of the population.
Hospital Acquired Infections also called “nosocomial”.An infection acquired or in hospital by a patient who was admitted for a reason other than that infection.
Communicable diseases caused by a pathogenic organism that can be easily transmitted to others.
Autoclave is a piece of equipment that uses steam under pressure or gas to sterilize equipment and supplies.
Ultrasonic Unit uses sound waves to remove dirt, debris, saliva, and tissue from a large variety of instruments prior to sterilizing them.
Cavitation when the bubbles strike the items being cleaned and explode.
Sterile Field An area that is set up for certain procedures and is free from all organisms.
Drop Technique used for gauze pads, dressings, and small items.
Mitten Technique the technique is used for bowls, drapes, linen, and other similar items.
Transfer Forceps Technique these are used for cotton balls, small items, or articles that cannot be removed by the drop or mitten techniques
Transmission-Based Isolation Precautions A method or technique of caring for patients who have communicable diseases.
Standard Precautions Used on all patients.
Airborne Precautions Used for patients known or suspected to be infected with pathogens transmitted by airborne droplet nuclei. (small particles that remain suspended in the air or on dust particles.)
Droplet Precautions Must be followed for a patient known or suspected to be infected with pathogens transmitted by large particle droplets expelled during coughing, sneezing, talking, or laughing.
Contact Precautions Must be followed for any patients known or suspected to be infected with epidemiologically (capable of spreading rapidly from person to person, an epidemic), microorganism transmitted by either direct or indirect contact).
Protective/reverse isolation Methods used mainly for immunocompromised patients
Antibodies proteins made by the body to help destroy the germs that are making you sick and protect you from future infections.
Immunity when antibodies can destroy infections before they have a chance to make you sick
Created by: ntgibson