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Health 9A

Quiz II

drug use using a drug the way it was medically intended
drug misuse using a drug for its' medicinal purposes, but not following the directions
drug abuse using a drug for other than its' medically intended purpose
Using an OTC cough suppressant to get a "buzz" is an example of what? drug abuse
Taking 5 extra Tylenols for a bad headache than what the directions recommend is an example of what? drug misuse
Reading the directions for one's own prescription medication and taking it the way it is recommended is an example of what? drug use
What are the major ways that drugs enter the body? absorption, inhalation, ingestion, and injection
What are the methods of ingestion discussed in class? eat it, drink it
What are the methods of inhalation discussed in class? breathe it, smoke it, snort it
What are the methods of injection discussed in class? into a vein, into a muscle and under the skin
What are the methods of absorption discussed in class? through the skin, eyes, ears, nose, mouth/tongue, vagina and rectum
What is the fastest way to get a drug into the body? IV (intravenous/into a vein)
What is the most dangerous way to get a drug into the body? IV (intravenous/into a vein)
What is beverage alcohol called...the active ingredient? ethyl/ethanol
How is alcohol classified? depressant
What is binge drinking? the heavy consumption of alcohol over a short period of time...4 or more drinks in a row for females and 5 or more drinks in a row for males
Why is binge drinking so dangerous? It can lead to alcohol poisoning, vehicle accidents, other accidents, sexual assault, dangerous actions, and many other negative consequences, including death.
What is one alcoholic beverage? 1 1/2 ounces (a shot) of whiskey and other types of hard liquor, 4-6 ounces of wine and 12 ounces of beer (an average size can)
How does one determine the number of drinks in a mixed drink? Add up the number of shots or ounces of hard liquor.
What is proof? A way to refer the to the amount of ethanol in an alcoholic beverage...2 times the percent
Why should one know the proof of an alcoholic beverage that he/she is drinking? *to help figure out how much pure alcohol he/she is drinking *to estimate the number of “drinks” consumed *to prevent over drinking
What is BAC blood alcohol content...the amount of alcohol in ones blood
What BAC is considered legally drunk in the state of NJ (and most other states)? .08 Notice that this is less than .1 and much less than 1.
How can one estimate his/her own BAC? Breathalyzer, BAC chart and a BAC calculator *In addition, a blood test can also determine ones BAC. *Remember, other than the blood test, these are not exact numbers. Be sure to have a BAC level well below .08 before driving.
What factors can impact the way people react to alcohol? Many of the factors that affect the way we react to all other types of drugs. Some include gender, race, amount, type, pace, empty stomach how it is administered and other drugs taken
What were 2 very dangerous ways to consume alcohol discussed in class? Drinking on an empty stomach (especially binge drinking) and an alcohol enema
Besides estimating BAC, what else should people consider when deciding whether or not to drive? How one feels. If you feel impaired, don't drive.
What are some options for people who need to drive somewhere when they have had too much to drink? designated driver, stay where they are and wait until they are sober, get a sober person to drive them home (parent, friend, sibling, other relative, someone at their location), call a taxi and call a "safe rides" service Don't walk or ride a bike.
Where does most alcohol get absorbed into the body? small intestine
Which organ burns up most alcohol and at what rate? The liver at approximately 1/2 ounce per hour
What type of digestion is needed for alcohol? Almost none
When does one first feel the effects of alcohol? When it reaches the brain.
What are the 4 main types of OTC pain relievers? aspirin, acetaminophen, ibuprofen, naproxen sodium
Which OTC pain reliever (s) treat pain and fever? All 4 of them
Which OTC pain reliever(s) reduce inflammation? All but acetaminophen
Which OTC pain reliever(s) inhibit blood clotting? All but acetaminophen
Which OTC pain reliever(s) cause stomach and gastrointestinal problems? All but acetaminophen
Which OTC pain reliever(s) can be toxic to the liver if overused? acetaminophen
Which OTC pain reliever (s) should never be given to children unless directed by a physician? aspirin
Which OTC pain reliever(s) should people with kidney problems avoid? ibuprofen and naproxen sodium
Alcohol enhances the toxic effects of which OTC pain reliever(s)? acetaminophen
Which OTC pain relieve(s) can cause Reye's Syndrome? aspirin
What factors cause death from Reye's Syndrome? Children + aspirin + certain viruses
How can Reye's Syndrome be prevented? Never give children aspirin.
Which OTC pain reliever(s) should people with asthma avoid? All but acetaminophen
Created by: slsoucy