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Hx of Medicine

Primitive Times Disease and illness was caused by evil spirits and demons
Ancient Egyptians First people to record health records
Ancient Chinese had a strong belief in the need to cure the spirit and nourish the entire body, used acupuncture
Ancient Greeks stressed that a good diet and cleanliness would prevent disease
Hippocrates Father of Medicine, established that disease is caused by natural causes
Ancient Romans began public health and sanitation systems
William Harvey described the circulation of blood to and from the heart
Bartolomeo Eustachio identified the eustachian tube leading from the ear to the throat
Benjamin Franklin Invented bifocals for glasses
Elizabeth Blackwell first physician in U.S.
Joseph Lister began using disinfectants and antiseptics during surgery
Rhazes an arab physician who began the use of animal gut for suture material
William Roentgen Discovered Xrays in 1895
Robert Koch developed the culture plate method to identify pathogens
Marie Curie Isolated radium in 1910
Gregory Mendel established the patterns of heredity
Edward Jenner developed a vaccine for smallpox in 1796
Sir Alexander Fleming discovered penicillin in 1928
Leonardo da Vinci artist who used dissection to draw the human body
Dark ages emphasis was placed on saving the soul and study of medicine was prohibited
Clara Barton founded the american red cross in 1881
Louis Pasteur began pasteurizing milk to kill bacteria
Florence Nightingale founder of modern nursing
Gabriel Fahrenheit created the first mercury thermometer
Jonas Salk developed the polio vaccine in 1952
Apothacaries Early pharmacists, used mainly plants and herbs to make the medications of the 17th century
microscope invented in 1666, allowed physicians to see organisms too small to be seen by the human eye
stethoscope inviented in 1819, allowed physicians to listen to internal body sounds
dissection major advance in health care duringthe Renaissance, doctors could view the organs and see the connection between body systems
Andreas Versalius studies anatomy by disecting (human) bodies under the cover of night
Karl Landsteiner studied blood, discovered blood types
Dr. Horace Wells and Willian Morton and Crawford Long studied anesthetics
Ignaz Semmelweis hand sanitation, hand washing policy
Howard Florey and Erns Chain further studied (perfected) penicillin
Michael Bishop, Harold Varmus studied the genetic origins of cancer, did cancer research
Luk Montagnier, Robert Gallo studied HIV and AIDS
Joseph Murray studied organ transplantation
Created by: AnnePerez