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Musculoskeletal

Pediatric Musculoskeletal Conditions for LVN students

QuestionAnswer
Describe R.I.C.E. Rest, Ice, Compression, Elevation
Describe I.C.E.S. Ice, Compression, Elevation, Support
How long does a fracture take to heal in early childhood? 4 weeks
How long does a fracture take to heal in adolescence? 8-12 weeks
What are the 5 P's used to assess the extent of an injury? Pain, Pulselessness, Pallor, Paresthesia, Paralysis
What are 6 purposes of traction? 1. Fatigue the involved muscles 2. Reduce muscle spasms 3. Position distal and proximal bone ends 4. Immobilize fracture site 5. Help prevent or improve contracture deformity 6. Immobilization of specific areas of the body
Describe Bryant traction Pull is only in one direction. Skin traction is applied to the legs, which are flexed 90 degrees at the hips.
Describe Buck extension traction Legs are in an extended position, used primarily for short term immobilization. A weight keeps the leg in an extended position.
What is Legg-Calve-Perthes disease? A self-limiting disorder in which aseptic necrosis of the femoral head occurs.
Who is Legg-Calve-Perthes disease most common in? Boys between the ages of 4 and 8
What is the cause of Legg-Calve-Perthes disease? The cause is unknown, but a disturbance of circulation to the femoral head may be a factor.
What are the four stages of Legg-Calve-Perthes disease? 1. Initial or avascular stage 2. Fragmentation or revascularization stage 3. Reossification or reparative stage 4. Residual or regenerative stage.
Created by: angela500