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The Basics - CH 1

Chapter 1: Self Assessment

TermDefinition
belief Appraisal of the definition between some object, action or idea and some attribute of that object, action or idea.
countering Substituting a desired behavior for an undesired one.
chronic disease A disease that typically begins slowly, progresses and persists, with a variety of signs and symptoms that can be treated but not cured by medication.
disease prevention Actions or behaviors designed to keep people from getting sick.
determinants of health The array of critical influences that determine the health of individuals and communities.
ecological or public health model A view of health in which diseases and other negative health events are seen as a result of an individual's interaction with his or hers social and physical environment.
healthy life expectancy Expected number of years of full health remaining at a given age, such as birth.
health related quality of life (HRQoL) A multidimensional concept that focuses on the impact of physical, mental, emotional and social health status on quality of life overall.
health The ever-changing process of achieving individual potential in the physical, social, emotional, mental, spiritual and environmental dimensions.
health promotion The combined educational, organizational, procedural, environmental, social and financial supports that help individuals and groups reduce negative health behaviors and promote positive change.
health disparities Preventable differences in the burden of disease, injury, violence, or opportunities to achieve optimal health that are experienced by socially disadvantaged groups.
health belief model (HBM) Model for explaining how beliefs may influence behaviors.
imagined rehearsal Practicing, through mental imagery, to become better able to perform an event in actuality.
locus of control The location, external (outside oneself) or internal (inside oneself), that an individual perceives as the source and underlying cause of events in his or her life.
life expectency Expected number of years of life remaining at any given age, such as birth.
mortality The proportion of deaths to population.
medical model A view of health in which health status focuses primarily on the individual and a biological or diseased organ perspective.
motivation A social, cognitive and emotional force that directs human behavior.
modeling Learning specific behaviors by watching others perform them.
positive reinforcement Presenting something positive following a behavior that is being reinforced.
risk behaviors Actions that increase susceptibility to negative health outcomes.
shaping Using a series of small steps that gradually achieve a particular goal.
self-effacacy Belief in ones ability to perform a task successfully.
situational inducement Attempt to influence a behavior through situations and occasions that are structured to exert control over that behavior.
social cognitive model (SCM) Model of behavior change emphasizing the role of social factors and thought processes (cognition) in behavior changes.
self-talk The customary manner of thinking and talking to yourself, which can effect your self-image.
trans-theoretical model (TTM) Model of behavior change that identifies six distinct stages people go through in altering behavior patterns. (also called the stages of change model)
wellness The dynamic, ever-changing process of trying to achieve ones potential in each of six interrelated dimensions based on ones own unique limitations and strengths.
well-being An assessment of the positive aspects of a persons life, such as positive emotions and life satisfaction.
Created by: Barby001