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hst hx of hlth care

principles of health science history of health care

humans had to protect themselves against predators Ancient Times
earliest to keep accurate health records embalming prescriptions were written on papyrus Some practices still used today Egyptians
concentrated on health rules concerning food, cleanliness, and quarantine banned quackery (God was the only physician); Day of Rest Jewish Medicine
first to study causes of diseases Hippocrates: no dissection, only observations; careful notes of signs/symptoms of diseases; disease not caused by supernatural forces; Father of Medicine; Greek Medicine
developed a sanitation system of aqueducts and sewers public baths beginning of public health first to organize medical care army medicine room in doctor's house became first hospital Roman Medicine
medicine practiced only in convents and monasteries: custodial care, life and death in God's hands terrible epidemics Dark Ages and Middle Ages
universities and medical schools for research dissection book publishing Renaissance Medicine
Leonardo da Vinci: anatomy of the body
Anton van Leeuwenhoek invented microscope
William Harvey circulation of blood
Edward Jenner smallpox vaccination
Laennec invented the stethoscope
Louis Pasteur discovered that microorganisms cause disease (germ theory of communicable disease)
Robert Koch Father of Microbiology; specific germ causes specific disease; identified germ causing TB
Alexander Fleming discovered penicillin
Jonas Salk discovered that a killed polio virus would cause immunity to polio
Alfred Sabin discovered that a live virus provided more effective immunity
acute infectious diseases (diphtheria, TB, rheumatic fever) no antibiotics, DDT for mosquitoes, rest for TB, water sanitation to help stop spread of typhoid fever, diphtheria vaccination hospitals were places to die most doctors were general practitioners 1900 to 1945
immunization common, antibiotic cures, safer surgery, transplants, increased lifespan, chronic degenerative diseases, new health hazards (obesity, neuroses, lung cancer, hypertension), disintegrating families, greatly increasing medical costs 1945 to 1975
artificial parts, bioengineering, cloning, bioethical issues, AIDS, drug resistant organisms, laser surgeries, laparoscopic surgeries, managed health care, etc. 1975 to present
Created by: cbiondillo