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Female reproductive

Female Reproductive Systems

TermDefinition
Labia Majora The outer fold of tissue on either side of the vagina.
Labia Minora The inner fold of tissue on either side of the vagina. They cover the clitoris. Both Labia majora & minora serve as a line of protection against pathogens entering the body and also have a function in sexual arousal.
Clitoris The clitoris is a small knob of tissue in front of the vaginal opening. It has a rich supply of nerve endings and blood vessels. Its function is to produce sexual arousal.
Vagina The vagina is a very elastic, tubelike passageway, about 4 to 5 in. It is also called the birth canal and is capable of stretching to allow the birth of a baby.
Cervix The vagina leads to the cervix or neck of the uterus. The cervical opening is very small but dilates or opens to allow the passage of a baby.
Uterus The Uterus is a very strong, elastic muscle about the size of the fist. The main function of the uterus is to nourish and hold the developing embryo and fetus if an egg is fertilized.
Endometrium The inner lining of blood and nutrients in the uterus which builds up each month in preparation for a fertilized egg.
Fallopian Tubes The fallopian tubes are very narrow tubes going from the uterus to the top of the ovaries. They gather the egg from the ovary with fingerlike projections called fimbriae. Fertilization usually occurs in the widest part of the fallopian tube near ovaries.
Ovaries The ovaries are the female sex glands situated on both sides of the uterus at the ends of the fallopian tubes. They house the ova (egg) and produce the female hormones estrogen and progesterone.
Created by: khertzog