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Digestive System

Structures and thier functions, Conditions and Treatments

TermDefinition
mouth begins preparation of food for digestion
pharynx transports food from the mouth to the esophagus
esophagus transports food from the pharynx to the stomach
stomach breaks down food and mixes it with digestive juices
small intestine completes digestion and absorption of most nutrients
large intestine absorbs excess water and prepares solid waste
rectum and anus control the excretion of solid waste
liver secretes bile and enzymes to aid in the digestion of fats
gallbladder stores bile and releases it to the small intestine as needed
pancreas secretes digestive juices and enzymes into small intestine as needed.
gastrointestinal tract structures of the digestive system
upper GI area made up of the mouth, esophagus, and stomach
lower GI area made up of the small and large intestines plus the rectum, and anus
periodontium consists of the bone and soft tissues that surround and support the teeth
temporomandibular joint where the maxillary and mandibular arches come together at the back of the mouth
duodenum first portion of the small intestine, extending from the pylorus to the jejunum
jejunum middle portion of the small intestine, extending from the duodenum to the ileum
ileum last and longest portion of the small intestine, extending from the jejunum to the cecum of the large intestine
cecum pouch that lies on the right side of the abdomen, extending from the end of the ileum to the beginning of the colon
biliary tree provides channels through which bile is transported from the liver to the small intestine
cleft palate failure of the palate to close during the early development of the fetus
oral thrush caused by Candida Albicans fungus
halitosis bad breath
temporomandibular disorder symptoms include pain, headache, and / or difficulty chewing
gastroesophageal reflux disease involves the upward flow of acid from the stomach into the esophagus
hiatal hernia portion of the stomach protrudes upward into the chest, through an opening in the diaphram
bulimia nervosa eating disorder characterized by frequent episodes of binge eating followed by compensatory behaviors such as induced vomiting or misuse of laxitives
morbid obesity when a person weighs 2 or 3 times more than their ideal weight. BMI above 39
diverticulitits inflammation of diverticula in colon
ulcerative colitis chronic condition of unknown cause in which repeated episodes of inflammation in the rectum and large intestine cause ulcers and irritation
Crohn's Disease chronic autoimmune disorder most often found in the ileum and colon
hepatitis includes 5 viral varieties causing inflammation of the liver
cirrhosis degenerative disease of the liver that is often caused by excessive alcohol use
jaundice high levels of bilirubin in the blood cause yellow discoloration of the skin, mucous membranes, and the eyes
Created by: tina.reynolds