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Health: sicknesses'

Lessons 1 and 2

QuestionAnswer
What are the 2 main types of diseases? Communicable and Noncommunicable
What are the 4 common disease causing organisms? Viruses, Bacteria, Protozoa, and Fungi
How are germs spread? 1. Direct physical contact with others. Ex: Shaking hands 2.Indirect contact. Ex: Coughing, Sneezing, and sharing things with others 3. Eating or drinking contaminated food or water. This can also be food poisoning 4. Contact with animals or insects.
What are ways that Pathogens are spread?
What are some common communicable diseases? Colds, and the Flu
Disease A condition that affects the proper functioning of the body or mind
Communicable Disease Diseases that can be spread, such as colds
Noncommunicable Disease Diseases that do not spread
Pathogen A microscopic organism that causes communicable diseases
Viruses Tiny , nonliving particles that invade and take over healthy cells
Bacteria Extremely small, single-celled organisms with no cell nucleus
Protozoa Single-celled organisms that have a nucleus
Fungi Primitive single- or many- celled organisms that cannot make their own food
Contagious You can spread the virus to others by direct or indirect contact
Infection The result of pathogens or germs invading the body, multiplying, and harming some of your body's cells
Immune System A group of cells, tissues, and organs that fight disease
Lymphocytes White blood cells that attack pathogen or harmful germs
Antibodies Chemicals produced specificly to fight a particular invading substance
Immunity Resistance to infection
Vaccine A dead or weakened pathogen introduced into your body
Created by: rmcmullen0606