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Respiratory System

Conditions and Treatment

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) bronchi are damaged, partially obstructing (blocking)them making it difficult to get air in and out.
asthma chronic allergic disorder characterized by episodes of severe breathing difficulty, coughing, and wheezing
chronic bronchitis airways have become inflamed and thickened. the number and size of mucus producing cells is increased.
inhaled corticosteroids controller medications taken daily to prevent asthma attacks
croup acute respiratory syndrome in children and infants characterized by obstruction of the larynx, hoarseness, and barking cough
diptheria acute bacterial infection of the throat and upper respiratory tract. the bacteria that causes this condition can damage the heart muscle and peripheral nerves.
pharyngitis sore throat
acute nasopharyngitis common cold
pneumonia infection or inflammation of the lungs in which the smallest bronchioles and alveoli fill with pus and other liquid
cystic fibrosis genetic disorder in which the lungs and pancreas are clogged with large quantities of abnormally thick mucus
chest percussion diagnostic procedure designed to determine the density of a body part by the sound produced by tapping the surface with the fingers
sleep apnea potentially fatal disorder in which breathing repeatedly stops during sleep for long-enough periods to cause a measurable decrease in blood oxygen levels
pulse oximeter an external monitor placed on the patient's finger or earlobe to measure the oxygen saturation level in the blood
peak flow meter handheld device often used to test those with asthma to measure how quickly the patient can expel air
bronchoscopy visual examination of the bronchi
pulmonary function tests (PFT) group of tests that measure volume and flow of air by utilizing a spirometer
antitussive cough medicine
septoplasty surgical repair or alteration of parts of the nasal septum
CPAP device treatment for sleep apnea that includes a mask, tubes and a fan to create air pressure that pushes the tongue forward to maintain an open airway
respirator an apparatus or administering artificial respiration in cases of respiratory failure
ventilator mechanical device that is used to replace or supplement the patient's natural breathing function
nasal cannula small tube that divides into two nasal prongs
Created by: tina.reynolds