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Birth Control

Vocab for birth control

TermDefinition
Abstinence NO Anal, Oral, or Vaginal Sex
Emergency Contraceptive Pills (ECP or Plan B) or Morning After Pill. Pills that can prevent pregnancy for up to five days (the sooner the better) after unprotected sex. Is the hormone Progesterone, so if already pregnant, will not hurt embryo.
Birth Control Pills Pills that contain hormones that work by stopping the release of the egg(s) from the ovaries.
Cervical Barriers A small rubber cup that you fill with water based spermicidal jelly or cream that is placed in the vagina and prevents sperm from entering the uterus.
Male Condom A thin, stretchy, disposable barrier that fits over a man's erect penis and traps the sperm, preventing them from entering the female vagina.
Female Condom A thin, plastic, disposable, soft and loose-fitting pouch with a flexible ring at each end that goes into the vagina to prevent sperm from entering
Withdrawal Method NOT A GOOD FORM OF BIRTH CONTROL. Pulling the penis out before ejaculation. Pre-ejaculate is released before ejaculation and can cause pregnancy.
Implant (Implanon) A singe, soft plastic rod that is placed under the skin of the inner arm and contains progesterone, which will stop the egg from being released for three years.
Intrauterine Device (IUD, Paraguard) A small piece of plastic that is wrapped with copper and is put into the uterus. The copper kills sperm.
Intrauterine Device (IUD, Mirena). Also known as IUS, Intrauterine System. A T-Shaped plastic device that contains the hormone progesterone and is placed in the uterus, causing the egg not to be released.
Patch Placed on the bottom, belly, thigh, or upper arm each week, this device contains hormones and prevents the egg from being released. Week 4, no patch, and period occurs.
Shot, (Depo-Provera) An injection of the hormone progesterone that halts the release of the egg for 3 months.
Spermicides Chemicals that kill sperm and come in the form of jelly, cream, film or foam.
Sponge A small foam pillow soaked in spermicide that is placed in the vagina and prevents pregnancy.
Vaginal Ring A soft, plastic ring that is put in the vagina that releases hormones and stops eggs from leaving the ovaries.
Fertility Awareness NOT A GOOD FORM OF BIRTH CONTROL. Trying to know when you are fertile and when you are not. Usually used when people are trying to get pregnant.
Sterilization, Men-Vasectomy Women-Tubal Ligation An operation that permanently blocks part of the reproductive system.
Created by: khertzog