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STD's

TermDefinition
Chlamydia A bacterial disease that is the most common reportable STD in the U.S. If untreated, it can cause sterility in both men and women. It is treated with Antibiotics.
Gonorrhea A bacterial disease that is caused by a germ known as gonococcus. If not treated, a women can get Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID). It is treated with Antibiotics.
Syphilis A bacterial disease passed through contact with sore of an infected person & is more common in men. Stage one: Painless sore. Stage two: In 6-7 weeks, develop rash on body. Stage three: No symptoms, hidden damage gets worse until treatment or death.
Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) Genital Warts A Viral disease that lives on the skin & causes warts. Is spread by skin-to-skin contact. Is VERY contagious. Can be spread w/ no warts showing. It can cause cervical cancer. There is a vaccine for women. There is also a treatment, but no cure.
Genital Herpes (HSV) A viral infection that can infect both the mouth and the genitals. This can be spread by people with not symptoms, and might not know they have it. There is a treatment, but no cure.
Hepatitis B (HBV) A viral disease that attacks the liver. Most people recover and the body gets rid of the virus, but some people may develop serious liver damage or liver cancer. Some people have no symptoms, but are carriers. There is a vaccine.
Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) A viral disease that is found in the blood, semen or vaginal fluids of an infected person & can be spread through the exchange of those fluids. People who have HIV do not show symptoms, so must be tested. Some treatment to slow the disease, but no cure.
Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) A viral disease cased by HIV. When an HIV patient's white blood count drops below 200 CD4+ T Cells (1000-1500 in a healthy person), they are diagnosed with AIDS. There is NO cure!!
Parasites Small bugs that either live on or under the skin & spread through intimate contact. They can be more annoying than harmful & can be killed with special soaps, and cleaning and sterilizing the area.
Pubic Lice Small insects found in the genital area of humans and can be spread through sexual contact or bedding, towels or clothing used recently by someone infected. They can be killed with shampoos, rinses, and lotions.
Scabies A skin infestation caused by tiny bugs called mites and is spread through direct skin-to-skin contact. There are special lotions that kill the mites and eggs.
Trichomoniasis A common infection that is caused by tiny parasites called protozoa. In women it can cause inflammation of the vagina, and in men, it can cause inflammation of the urethra. It can be treated with Antibiotics.
Candidiasis, (Yeast infection, Monilla) When the body grows too much yeast. Women can be treated with a pill and/ or some creams. Males are usually not treated for yeast, but should be tested for other STD's
Bacterial Vaginosis (BV or Gardnerella) A common vaginal infection that is caused by an imbalance between the "good" and "bad" bacteria that normally lives in the vagina. It can be treated with Antibiotics.
Created by: khertzog