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Health Midterm

Nutrition, Drugs, Alcohol, Tobacco, Beach Games

What is the little ball you throw first in bocce ball called? Jack
How many big balls per team in bocce ball? 4
How many players per team in bocce ball? 2
Who throws the little ball first in bocce ball? The team who got points for the last throw
What is the best surface to play Bocce Ball on? Sand or Gravel
True or False? There are two teams for Bocce Ball, Corn Hole, and Ladder Golf. True
True or False? The different levels of the ladder in Ladder Golf have different point values. True
True or False? Hills are best to play Bocce Ball on. False
Which of the following is not a category of My Plate? Fruits, Vegetables, Oils, Dairy Oil
White bread is an example of Refined grain
"Bad: fats Trans fat and saturated fat
Calcium and vitamin D... strengthens bones and reduces risk of osteoporosis
What eating disorder is self-starvation and drastic weight loss anorexia
What form of tobacco is snorted dried snuff
What are signs of alcohol poisoning slow heart beat, mental confusion, throwing up while unconscious, hypothermia, irregular breathing, seizures
For a 2,000 calorie diet, how much grains? 6 ounces
For a 2,000 calorie diet, how much vegetables? 2.5 cups
For a 2,000 calorie diet, how much fruits? 2 cups
For a 2,000 calorie diet, how much dairy? 3 cups
For a 2,000 calorie diet, how much protein? 5.5 ounces
Fruits and vegetables are a good source of fiber, vitamins, minerals
Protein helps maintain what part of the body? tissues
Grains provide you with... energy
First ingredient in refined grains? Enriched wheat flour or wheat flour or flour
First ingredient in whole grains? whole grain/oat/wheat
Butter is an example of what type of fat? saturated
Olive oil is an example of what type of fat? unsaturated
Overweight excess body weight
Obese excess body fat
Salt increases a person's risk of... high blood pressure
Eat less than _________ salt a day 2400 mg
Sugar increases a person's risk of... weight gain
Eat less than _________ sugar a day 35 g
Saturated fat and trans fat increases a person's risk of... heart attack, stroke
Eat less than _________ saturated fat a day 20 g
Eat less than _________ trans fat a day 0 g
Unsaturated fat can... decrease cholesterol
Nuts are an example of what type of fat? unsaturated fat
Cheeseburgers are an example of what type of fat? saturated fat
BMI Body Mass Index measures height vs. weight
Ectomorph light build with small joints and lean muscle
Endomorph soft, shorter build with thick arms and legs
Mesomorph large bone structure, large muscles, and a naturally athletic physique
An extra __________ calories = 1 lb 3500
Healthy weight loss = _____ % body mass per week 1%
Eat ______ small meals a day 5
Fad diets short-term, quick-fix approach to weight loss that puts the dieter at risk
Signs of a fad diet rapid weight loss, sounds too good to be true, rigid menus, no need to exercise, magic pills or foods
Celiac's disease/ gluten intolerance no wheat products
Lactose intolerance no dairy
Judaism involves what type of food restriction kosher meat
Islam involves what type of food restriction haram and halal
Ovo- vegetarian eats what eggs
Ovolacto- vegetarian eats what eggs, dairy
Lacto- vegetarian eats what dairy
Ovo - pescatarian eats what fish, eggs
Vegan no animal products
What type of grain is wheat bread refined
Bulimia cycle of bingeing and purging
Short term effects bulimia tooth decay, constipation, staining of teeth, electrolyte imbalance, low self-esteem
Long term effects bulimia rupture of esophagus, depression, ulcers, heart failure, death
Short term effects anorexia muscle loss, dry skin and hair, low self-esteem, overall weakness, amenorrhea (loss of menstrual cycle in girls)
Long term effects anorexia depression, severe dehydration, osteoporosis, heart failure, death
Appearance of dissolvable tobacco candy-like: sticks, pellets, and strips
Appearance of snus small bag of tobacco
Use of snus placed between upper gum and lip; spit-less and smoke-less
Use of chewing tobacco placed between check and gum or teeth and chewing; must be crushed with teeth
Use of dried snuff snorted through nose
Cigarettes have over _________ chemicals in them 4,000
Ingredients in a cigarette formaldehyde, horse urine, mercury, carbon monoxide, nicotine, feces, DDT, copper, candle wax, aluminum, acetone, lead, ammonia, perfume
E-cigarette battery operated cigarette
Hookahs water pipes used for smoking shisha
Cigars are better or worse than cigarettes Worse due to longer exposure time
Effects of tobacco stroke, mouth cancer, lung cancer, bronchitis, kidney cancer, bladder cancer, stomach ulcers, throat cancer, liver cirrhosis
Effects of tobacco while pregnant miscarriage, premature delivery, low birth weight
Effects of tobacco on babies asthma, bronchitis, ear infections, SIDS, lower IQ, behavioral problems, birth defects
Ways to Resist Nicotine avoid triggers, delay for ten minutes, exercise, relaxation, ask for help, benefits to quitting, nicotine replacements, hard candy
How does alcohol affect the brain? can alter mood and behavior, makes it difficult to think clearly, loss of coordination
How does alcohol affect the liver? fatty liver, alcoholic hepatitis (inflammation), fibrosis (connective tissue turns to scar tissue), cirrhosis (scar tissue)
How does alcohol affect the pancreas? can produce a toxic substance
How does alcohol affect chances of cancer? mouth, esophagus, throat, liver, breast
How does alcohol affect the immune system? weakens
Legal BAC level while driving .08
One drink for a beer 12 oz
One drink for wine 4-5 oz
One drink for liquor 1.5 oz
Effects of alcohol are dependent on... speed of drinking, presence of food, body weight, drinking history, expectations, emotional and physical health, gender, drugs
Binge drinking for a man 5 or more drinks in 2 hours
Binge drinking for a woman 4 or more drinks in 2 hours
What do you do if alcohol poisoning occurs? Call 911, perform CPR if needed, turn person on their side, do not leave
FAS fetal alcohol syndrome--occurs in babies whose mothers drank while pregnant
Characteristics of FAS mental retardation, birth defects, abnormal facial features, growth problems, trouble remembering, trouble learning, vision or hearing problems, behavior problems
What three things affect a person's chances of substance abuse? community, family, media
Stimulant elevates mood, increases feelings of well-being, and increases energy and alertness
Depressant slows down the normal function of the central nervous system
Narcotics changes the chemistry of the brain
Hallucinogen alter a person's thinking, sense of time, and emotions; causes hallucinations
LSD hallucinogen; man-made; little designed stamps
Mushrooms hallucinogen; naturally grown; ingested
Cocaine stimulant; naturally made from coca plant; snorted; white powder
Short Term Effects of Cocaine Use depression, increased heart rate, muscle spasms, convulsions, inability to sleep
Long Term Effects of Cocaine Use paranoia, hallucinations, severe depression, suicide
Crack stimulant; smoked; rock crystals
Ecstasy man-made; stimulant; ingested or snorted; white powder or little eye shadow
Molly man-made; stimulant; ingested or snorted; white powder or pill; more pure form of ecstasy
Marijuana weed, pot; natural; smoked or injested
Short Term Effects of Marijuana Use loss of coordination, distortion of vision, redness of the eyes, increased appetite, increased heart rate, impaired school performance, lessened ability to solve problems
Long Term Effects of Marijuana Use psychotic symptoms, lung damage, heart damage, weakened immune system
Crystal Meth stimulant; man-made; ingested, snorted, smoked, injected; crystals
Inhalants inhaled, huffed, sniffed; man-made; slow down the body's functions; common household items
Heroin narcotic; naturally occurring; injected, inhaled, snorted; risk of HIV or Hep B & C; white powder
Steroids man-made; swallowed or injected; risk of HIV or Hep B & C
Short Term Effects of Steroid Use high blood pressure, swelling of soft tissue, excessive hair growth, oily skin, acne
Long Term Effects of Steroid Use stunted growth, abnormal sexual development, infertility, increased risk of cancer, heart disease, and liver disease
Short Term Effects of Prescription and OTC Pills nausea, dizziness, headaches, delusions, separation from family and friends, bleeding in the stomach
Long Term Effects of Prescription and OTC Pills liver damage, brain damage, death by overdose
Created by: 552603522