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Sickle Cell Anemia

What is Sickle Cell Anemia? Sickle cell anemia is a genetic disease of the blood. It is caused by a biological defect in one gene of a person. Genes are the elements in cells that carry the information that determines traits, such as hair or eye color. In sickle cell anemia, a defec
How is Sickle Cell Anemia affecting society? In the United States, SCD affects about 70,000-100,000 people.
Who gets Sickle Cell? (male/female, ethnicity, age group) It affects mostly African Americans. However, forms of sickle cell disease may occur in people with different ethnic backgrounds, such as those whose ancestors came from Mediterranean countries (including Turkey, Greece, and Italy), East India, or Middle
What part of the body does it affect? It affects the whole body because the red blood cells in the body needed to give out oxygen is harmed.
What are the symptoms? Acute chest syndrome: chest pain, coughing, difficulty breathing, and fever. Aplastic crisis: paleness, fatigue, and rapid pulse. Hand-foot syndrome (also called dactylitis): swelling of the hands and feet Infection: bacterial infections
What are the symptoms? Painful crises: These may occur in any part of the body and may be brought on by cold or dehydration. The pain may last a few hours, a few days, or sometimes much longer.
What are the symptoms? Splenic sequestration crises: paleness, weakness or fatigue, an enlarged spleen, and pain in the abdomen Stroke: headache, seizures, weakness of the arms and legs, speech problems, a facial droop, or loss of consciousness
What are the symptoms? Other possible complications include leg ulcers, bone or joint damage, gallstones, kidney damage, painful prolonged erections in males (priapism), eye damage, and delayed growth.
What are the risk factors (causes)? The risk of inheriting sickle cell anemia comes down to genetics. For a baby to be born with sickle cell anemia, both parents must carry a sickle cell gene.
How is the disease detected ? States mandate testing for sickle cell anemia as part of their newborn screening programs. The test uses blood from the same blood samples used for other routine newborn screening tests. The test can show whether a newborn infant has sickle hemoglobin.
What are the treatment options? Bone marrow transplant is the only known cure for sickle cell disease. Transplants are complex and risky procedures and currently are an option only for a carefully selected subset of patients with severe complications.
Are there side effects from these treatments? Explain No, they just help the people diagnosed get better.
What type of support groups, or services are available to someone diagnosed with this disease? You could go to your doctor and tell them what's going on with your body.
How are you connected, if at all, or why did you choose this disease? What did you learn? My best friend has it, and I'm really interested in getting to know how he feels more. I learned they can get a lot of pain when having a crisis.
What are the treatment options? Most kids will require two daily doses of penicillin and vaccines, but that won't cure it.
What is Sickle Cell Anemia? In sickle cell anemia, a defect in the gene controls how hemoglobin is made. This defect can be passed from parents to their children.
What are the psychological implications of this disease? Haematuria (blood in the urine) - this may be noticeable, or in a tiny quantity found only on urine tests. It may affect about 1 in 50 people with sickle cell trait.
What are the psychological implications of this disease? Urinary tract infections & Pulmonary embolus or deep vein thrombosis (DVT) (a blood clot in the lung or leg).
Created by: 16wilsonbm