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Bone Cancer

Study Stack Project Disease Unit Mrs. Peterson 2nd Hour

What is bone cancer? Bone cancer is an uncommon cancer that begins in a bone. Bone cancer can begin in any bone but is most common in the long bones of the arms and legs. There are different types of bone cancer
How does bone cancer affect society? Bone cancer is a relatively rare disease and affects around 2,000 people every year.
Who gets bone cancer? Males are at more risk to get osteosarcoma along with children and adolescents. People of African American descent have more risk of getting multiple myeloma along with people over age 65.
What part of the body does bone cancer affect? Bone cancer mainly affects your bones and joints, and can interfere with normal movements and your ability to walk. It weakens your bones. It can also cause fever, weight loss, and anemia which affect your overall health.
What are the symptoms of bone cancer? 1. Dull, aching pain in the bone or joints 2. Swelling or tenderness of the joints 3. Fractures 4. Fatigue, fever, weight loss, anemia 5. Stiffness 6. Decreased appetite and nausea
What are the risk factors for multiple myeloma? 1. Radiation exposure 2. Exposure to petroleum products, benzene, herbicides, and insecticides 3. Genetic factors 4. Advanced age (over 65) 5. African American descent (twice the risk of Caucasians)
What are the risk factors for osteosarcoma? 1. Benign tumors and other bone diseases 2. Radiation exposure 3. Genetic factors 4. Children, adolescents 5. Males more than females
How is bone cancer detected? X-rays can show the location, size and shape of a bone tumor. If X-rays suggest there is a tumor doctors may recomend more detailed tests such as bone scans or CT scans. A biopsy is needed to determine if cancer is present.
What are treatment options for bone cancer? Drug therapy Surgery Chemotherapy Bone marrow transplants
What is the life expectancy of a person diagnosed with bone cancer? Patients with multiple myeloma usually live for 15 months to 5 years. About 65-75% of patients with bone sarcomas experience long term survival.
Created by: nicolel16