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Leukemia

Mrs. Peterson's 2nd hour flashcards

QuestionAnswer
Where does the term "leukemia" come from, and what does it mean? Greek, and meaning "white blood".
What is the definition? A childhood blood cancer that affects the blood-producing tissues.
How does this disease affect society? (diagnosis) 16 out of every 100,000 children and teens in the U.S. are diagnosed with this cancer.
How does this disease affect society? (death) 3 out of every 100,000 died from the disease.
How does this disease affect society? (accounts for) 1/3 of all cancers in children under 15 and 1/4 of cancer patients under 20.
Who "gets" Leukemia? children and teenagers, males and females
What part of the body does it affect? Bone Marrow
What are the symptoms and how is it detected? Decrease in receiving oxygen, pale, fatigue, bruising, and bleeding.
What are treatment options? 1. Chemotherapy 2. Radiation 3. Bone Marrow Transplant
What is chemotherapy? Induction- several months patient is given large doses of strong drug to kill cancer cells Consolidation- therapy make sure stay in remission Prophylactic therapy- prevent re-occurrence Maintenance therapy- make sure cancer does not return=several years
What are side effects of chemotherapy? hair loss, nausea, vomiting, mouth sores
What is radiation? High energy particles or waves, x-rays, gamma rays, alpha/beta particles to destroy cancer cells
What are the side effects of radiation? weak immune system because also kills some healthy cells
What is a Bone Marrow Transplant? (BMT) surgery where patient unhealthy bone marrow is replaced with normal marrow.
what are the side effects of BMT? anaemia(weak). risk of bleeding . sore mouth. difficulty eating and drinking
Who is your support group? family, friends, others with the disease, doctors, therapists
why did I choose this disease? I want to be a pediatric-oncologist and this is the most common childhood cancer so I'm just trying to learn more and prepare myself.
Created by: 16ortegave