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Tobacco

Tobacco vocabulary

TermDefinition
Addiction A physiological or psychological dependence on a substance or activity.
Nicotine The addictive drug in tobacco products
Stimulant A drug that speeds up the central nervous system, heart, and other organs.
Tar The thick, sticky, dark fluid produced when tobacco burns.
Carcinogens Cancer causing substances
Carbon Monoxide A colorless, odorless, poisonous gas in cigarette smoke that passes through the lungs into the blood.
Smokeless Tobacco Tobacco that is sniffed through the nose or chewed (put inside the lower lip).
Leukoplakia A thickened, white, leathery appearing spot(s) on the inside of a smokeless tobacco user/s mouth that can develop into oral cancer.
Passive Smoke Smoke inhaled by non-smokers while it is being smoked and afterwards in a closed environment.
Mainstream Smoke The smoke that is blown out by the smoker.
Sidestream Smoke The smoke from the burning tobacco.
Specialty Cigarettes Cigarettes prepared with strong tobacco and other ingredients, sometimes spices, to make them taste and smell sweet. May be more damaging than regular cigarettes, which are also very harmful.
Chronic Bronchitis The bronchi are irritated by tobacco smoke. The cilia, small sweeping hairlike projections, are destroyed and then that builds up, which causes chronic coughing and mucous secretions.
Emphysema The destruction of the tiny air sacs in the lungs called alveoli. The lungs lose their elasticity and need more oxygen to function. Most people with Emphysema will eventually carry an oxygen tank with them to breathe.
Lung Cancer Directly linked to smoking cigarettes and is the leading cause of cancer deaths among males. It begins at the bronchi, cilia are destroyed and excess mucous cannot be expelled. Cancer cells grow in these conditions, block the bronchi and move to lungs.
Nicotine Withdrawal The process that occurs within the body when the addictive drug, Nicotine, is no longer used.
Nicotine Substitutes Manufactured forms of nicotine that deliver small amounts of the drug into the user's system, while he/she is trying to give up the tobacco habit.
Created by: khertzog