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ch8,9,10 hs

human services

TermDefinition
Avocation an activity pursued for satisfaction that does not have a monetary goal.
Career Assessment Inventory (CAI) a type of interest inventory
Career Development all the psychological, sociological, educational, physical, economic and other factors that are at play in shaping one’s career over a life span.
Career Path the sequence of positions or jobs that are available to persons within an organization or business.
Donald Super developer of the Career Development Theory
Guide for Occupational Exploration (GOE) a sourcebook to examine interests as they relate to potential jobs.
Dictionary of Holland Occupational Codes written by John Holland, it lists, by the Holland Code, thousands of jobs.
Quantitative research assumes that there is an objective reality within which research questions can be formulated and scientific methods used to measure the probability that certain behaviors, values, or beliefs either cause or are related to other behaviors, values, or belie
Qualitative research holds that there are multiple ways of viewing knowledge and that one can make sense of the world by immersing oneself in the research situation in an attempt to provide possible explanations for the problem being examined.
Evaluations are conducted to determine if a program we have offered has been effective and what can be done to improve it.
Formative Evaluation involves assessment of a program during its implementation to gain feedback about how effective it has been and to allow for changes.
Summative Evaluation shows the efficacy of a program that has been completed in order to determine if it should be used in the future.
Deinstitutionalization a social change occurring in the late 1070s whereby patients who were held against their wills and were not in danger of hurting themselves or others were released from psychiatric hospitals.
Developmental readiness the state where the client is read to advance to a higher developmental stage.
Health Maintenance Organization (HMO) a managed health care system that offers subscribers a pool of designated providers from which they can choose.
Multisystem approach an approach that addresses a wide range of needed social services. Used in settings where clients need many services such as in prisons.
Rehabilitation Act enacted in 1973, this law ensured access to vocational rehabilitation for adults, based on three conditions: a severe physical or mental disability, disability that interferes with obtaining or maintaining a job, and employment that is feasible.
Career Counseling Individual or group counseling with a focus on increasing career awareness and fostering decision-making relative to career goals.
Career The totality of work and life roles through which the individual expresses himself or herself.
Career Awareness Career decision consciousness facilitated through a self-examination of values, abilities, preferences, knowledge of occupations and life roles, and interests.
Jobs Positions within a work environment (e.g., school, agency, business) that are similar in nature.
Leisure Time taken from required effort (for example, job or occupation) to pursue self-chosen activities that express one’s abilities and interests.
Occupation Jobs of a similar nature that can be found within several work environments and connote the kinds of work a person is pursuing
Work Effort expended in pursuit of a job, occupation, or avocation to produce or accomplish something.
Career Guidance A program, by helping professionals, that offers information concerning career development and facilitates career awareness.
Achievement Tests Ability tests that measures what has been learned.
Aptitude Tests Ability tests that measure what one is capable of learning/doing and can include intellectual and cognitive functioning.
Assessment A broad array of evaluative procedures that yield information about a person. Personality testing, Ability testing, Clinical Interview.
Needs Assessment The process of determining and assessing needs or “gaps” between current conditions and desired conditions and are used to improve existing programs.
Personality Assessment Tests that address the affective realm.Measures, Temperament, Attitudes, Values, Likes and Dislikes, Emotions, Motivation, Interpersonal Skills, Adjustment)
The Incarcerated, Their Families, and the Victims of Crime In 2004, 6.4 Million in Jail, on Probation, or on Parole (3% of Americans)
Most Prisoners Undereducated, Abused as Children, Came from Dysfunctional Families, Substance Abusers
37 Million Americans (12.7% of Population) Are Poor
13 Million Children (17.8%) Live in Poverty
in Any One Year Three Million Americans Homeless
McKinney Act Provides Mental Health Services, Substance Abuse Treatment and Other Services for Poor—But Not Enough
% of old ppl in US Over 65 in 1900; By 2030 3% ; 20%
Needs of older ppl Income Assistance, Health Care, Housing Employment, Leisure Activities, Environmental Assistance
The Chronically Mentally Ill In Psychiatric Hospitals in 1955; 1995 560,000; 69,000
Fewer Chronically Mentally Ill Today Because More In Outpatient Treatment Due To Better Drugs Community Mental Health Centers Act of 1963 Donaldson v. O’Connor and Deinstitutionalization
Almost 50 Million of Americans 5 or Older Have a Disability
Federal Laws Passed to Help disabled Rehabilitation Act American with Disabilities Act
Four Standards That Will Be Prominent in the Future Program Accreditation, Ethical Codes, Skills Standards, and credentialing
Primary Prevention Preventing Problems Before They Happen
Secondary Prevention Controlling Nonsevere Mental Health Problems
Tertiary Prevention Controlling Serious Mental Health Problems
Created by: annieluv