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Chapter 3

Health Midterm

Hierarchy of Needs Realism Acceptance -Self-concept -Self-esteem Autonomy Authenticity Capacity for intimacy Creativity
What is not considered Psychological Health Not the same as psychological normality Mentally normal simply means being close to average Psychological diversity Range of ideas, lifestyles and attitudes “Mentally ill” versus “Mentally healthy”
Meeting life's Challenges Growing Up Psychologically
Growing up psychologically Developing an adult identity Developing intimacy Developing values and purpose in your life
Achieving Healthy Self-Esteem Developing a Positive Self-Concept Meeting Challenges to Self-Esteem Being Less Defensive Being Optimistic
Developing a Positive Self-Concept Begins in childhood Integration Stability
Meeting Challenges to Self-Esteem Notice your patterns of thinking Avoid focusing on the negative Develop realistic self-talk
Maintaining Healthy Self-Esteem Maintaining honest communication Dealing with loneliness Dealing with anger
Psychological Disorders Anxiety Disorders
Anxiety Disorders Simple, or specific, phobia Social phobia Panic Disorder Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
Social phobia 15 million Americans Fear of humiliation or embarrassment while being observed by others
Simple, or specific, phobia -Fear of something definite -Most common and understandable
Panic Disorder Sudden unexpected surges in anxiety -Rapid and strong heart beat -Shortness of breath -Loss of physical equilibrium -Feeling of losing mental control
Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) -Reaction to future threats is to worry -Worries have taken over
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) Obsessions – recurrent, unwanted thoughts Compulsions – repetitive, difficult-to-resist actions
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) Reaction to a severely traumatic event
Treating anxiety disorder Medication Psychological interventions
Mood Disorders Depression Mania and Bipolar Disorder Schizophrenia
Depression Characteristics sadness and hopelessness Loss of interest Poor appetite and weight loss or gain Sleep problems (too much/little) Restlessness, irritability/fatigue Thoughts of worthlessness and guilt, Trouble concentrating/making decisions,Thoughts of death/suicide
Treating depression Medications, therapy, electroconvulsive therapy Seasonal affective disorder (SAD)
Self-Help Books Writing a journal Religious belief and practice Social network
Schizophrenia Disorganized thoughts Inappropriate emotions Delusions Auditory hallucinations Deteriorating social and work functioning
Professional Help Determine the need Types of psychotherapy Choosing a mental health professional Psychiatrists Clinical psychologists Social workers Licensed counselors Clergy Treatment team
Getting Help Self-help Professional Help Peer counseling and support group
Suicide Warning signs and risk factors Suicide by family/friend Readily available means of committing suicide History of substance abuse/eating disorders Serious medical problems Express be dead/reveal methods Inc social withdrawal/isolation Sudden lightening of mood attempts
Created by: julshock